Personal Communication

Book ID 330

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: Mike Leach
Extract Date: 1912

Leuedorf - 1912

sent by email June 2002 - "This goes as caption with some photos from 1912 mounted in our hall."

August Leue landed in Bagamoyo in 1885 as part of an expedition under Hermann von Wissmann which included Tom von Prince. As an officer in the Schutztruppe Leue was stationed in Bagamoyo, Dar es Salaam, Kilwa & Tabora. In 1887 he established a post of the German East Africa Company (DOAG) in Dar es Salaam causing a revolt. In 1891 rule was transferred from the DOAG to the German government and Dar es Salaam selected as the seat of administration. A map in the lodge (circa 1910) shows Leue Strasse, now Morogoro Road.

In 1901 Leue retired and in 1905 returned having raised money in Berlin for a settlement on Mount Meru which became known as Leuedorf, now Ngare Sero.

Some two hundred Volga-Deutsch families were settled between Ngongare and Makumira. In 1908 church bells were donated from Bochum to the settlement and these now hang at Nkoaranga Church. The photographs from 1912 show Leue standing in front of his rubber plantation. With him is the farm manager Fritz Hohl�chter later killed in a shooting accident.

During the World War Leuedorf was occupied by British troops but Leue continued to administer the area. In 1920 under the League of Nations Mandate Leuedorf passed to Captain Rydon RN who farmed the estate until 1954.

In 1973 Mike & Gisela Leach converted the farm house and gardens into a small tourist lodge.

Extract ID: 4289

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Personal Communication
Extract Author: MK
Extract Date: 1945~

Arusha Clock Tower

Think that the Arusha Clock Tower was built by a man called Galanos.

She also mentioned a man called Anatogolou, who donated the Parliament Hall in Dar es Salaam.

One of them had a daughter called Alma, and MK went to school with her. The father (either Galanos or Anatogolou) also owned sisal estates in Morogoro, Lindi and possibly Dar. Maybe also lived in the Usumbara Mountains.

Extract ID: 4574

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: David Read
Extract Date: 1945~

Arusha Clock Tower

lunch in Arusha, Oct 2003

David said that the Clock Tower was built by a wealthy Greek man just after WWII.

Recalled his name as Galanos, the same man that contributed the building in Dar es Salaam.

He had a relation who was shot in the Safari House Hotel (newly built by another Greek) after a dispute thought to be involving money.

Extract ID: 4575

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Personal Communication
Extract Author: Martin Davis
Extract Date: 1950's

Road to the Crater

email Nov 2002

My father's name is Mr Basil George Davis.

He worked for the British Colonial Service and was Senior Superintendent of Prisons in Moshi for 11 years and retired in 1961 when Tanganyika got independence.

He was instrumental in the Building of the road to the Ngorongoro Crater in the 1950's with the prisoners from Moshi Prison.

Dad died some 15 years ago, but the family visiting Tanzania in Feb 2000 and visited the Prison, our school in Arusha and the Crater.

Best regards,

Martin Davis

Extract ID: 3644

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: Colin, from Bill Carmichael, and confirmed by Nigel Perks
Extract Date: 1996, June

Henry Fosbrooke

Henry Fosbrooke dies

Extract ID: 253

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: Bill Carmichael
Extract Date: 1996 Sep

John Cooke

John Cooke is living in Edinburgh

Extract ID: 180

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: Ros Lamprey
Extract Date: 1996 Oct

Sandy Field - died in a plane

Sandy Field . . . Died in a plane crash on Mount Kenya, in bad weather

Extract ID: 1293

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: Ros Lamprey
Extract Date: 1996 Oct

The Lovebirds are named after him

The Lovebirds are named after him [Gustav Fischer]

Extract ID: 1294

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Date: 10/1/1997

David Mwambele

Cultural Heritage Limited

What is UJAMAA?

U jamaa means family tree or tree of life, and shows how
J ointly different members of Makonde Tribe survive & shows different
A spects of ways of life amongst the tribe,
M akonde Tribe the world famous, carves Ujamaa from one piece of ebony wood,
A rt, This form of art is passed from one generation to another and,
A ppreciated both locally and internationally.

David Mwambele is the carver of an Ebony Ujamaa Tree of Life carving bought from Cultural Heritage Limited. He was about 75 years old at the time. (Jan 1997)

The carving is representative of UJAMAA.

Extract ID: 1

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: Mzee Kappia
Extract Date: 1999 April


Chagga meaning is 'Something which cannot be conquered'

Extract ID: 387

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Date: 1999 April

The Amanda Tree

There is a fig tree in the Serengeti, near Nasera rock, which has been given this name by many, including Gibb's Farm Safaris, after the book by Peter Mattheissen.

A recent guest at Gibb's Farm misheard, or misunderstood, the name and wondered how Amanda was born there - it is now also known as the Amanda Tree.

Extract ID: 1024

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: Indigenous Rights for Survival International
Page Number: a
Extract Date: 2/1/03

Stop the killing fields of Loliondo

Dear Friend(s),

I could not help but write this letter (see attachment [extract 3733]) to the President of The United Republic of Tanzania, Mr. Mkapa, urging him to STOP the killing fields of Loliondo.

As a Tanzanian, I have a moral obligation to rise concerns over the negative impacts on Maasai communities, wildlife, and their shared habitat of the Otterlo Business Corporation (OBC), a United Arab Emirates hunting company operating in the Loliondo Game Controlled Area in northern Tanzania. With a full support from the Government of Tanzania, OBC is grossly violating fundamental human rights as well as undermining the stability of the region's wildlife and natural habitats in Loliondo, Ngorongoro District.

Perhaps you are willing and able to help, discuss, advise the Government to stop the said crime. I understand the power of the press, so the letter can be published if possible. Otherwise you can forward it to as many people and organizations as you can.

I am at your disposal in case of comments and questions.

Thank you very much in advance.


Navaya ole Ndaskoi

P.O. Box 13357

Dar Es Salaam


Extract ID: 3735

external link

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: Indigenous Rights for Survival International
Page Number: b
Extract Date: 2/1/03

Stop the killing fields of Loliondo

[click on the link to see the original MS Word document]

Indigenous Rights for Survival International

P.O. Box 13357

Dar Es Salaam.


Alternative E-mail:


The President

The United Republic of Tanzania

P.O. Box 9120

Dar Es Salaam.

Ref. No.L/32.pipex.02.

If it pleases the Honourable President Benjamin Mkapa

Re: Stop the killing fields of Loliondo

I am a Tanzanian citizen, a strong believer in social justice. Under the same spirit I am the Co-coordinator of an informal group called Indigenous Rights for Survival International (IRSI). IRSI is a loose network of young people with an interest in public policy issues in Africa. We mainly discuss policy issues through emails communications and ultimately write articles in the press. IRSI as an entity takes no position on any of the discussed issues instead it simply stimulates, steers, and co-ordinates discussions and debates on public policy issues of members" interest.

Mr. President, I have all along believed that you can stop the crime against humanity being inflicted upon the people of Loliondo, Ngorongoro District of Arusha Region by a no less authority than the Government of Tanzania.

Mr. President, Loliondo Division is located in Maasai ancestral lands in the northern part of Tanzania along the common border with Kenya. It borders the Ngorongoro highlands to the south, Serengeti National Park to the west, and the Maasai Mara Game Reserve in Kenya to the north. The Loliondo Game Controlled Area (LCGA) encompasses an estimated 4,000 sq km. There is no physical barrier separating the LGCA from other protected areas. It is a continuous ecosystem. LGCA was initially established in 1959 as a Game Reserve by the British colonialists under the then Fauna Conservation Ordinance, Section 302, a legal instrument the colonial authorities used to set aside portions of land for wildlife conservation. The legal status of the reserve was later changed to that of a Game Controlled Area to allow for commercial Hunting, a status that defines LGCA today and haunts its wildlife.

Mr. President, Loliondo forms an important part of the semi-annual migratory route of millions of wildebeests and other ungulates northward into the Maasai Mara Game Reserve and Amboseli National Park in Kenya between April and June, and returning southward later in the year. The survival of the Ngorongoro-Serengeti-Maasai Mara ecosystem and the wildlife it supports is linked to the existence of Loliondo and other surrounding communal Maasai lands in Tanzania and Kenya. Similarly, the survival of the Maasai people is dependent entirely upon the protection of their ancestral land for economic viability and cultural reproduction. Land to the Maasai is the foundation for their spirituality and the base for identity.

Mr. President, the people of Ngorongoro District in general and Loliondo Division in particular have suffered for a long time various established pains such as irrational grabbing of their ancestral land for "development", tourism (consumptive and non-consumptive) and cultivation. While the people of Loliondo have lost much of their ancestral land to cultivation, the Government is evidently supporting private investors to further put Maasai pastoralists of Loliondo at a very awkward corner.

In 1992, the administration of the former president Ali Hassan Mwinyi granted the entire Loliondo Game Controlled Area (LGCA) as a Hunting concession to the Otterlo Business Corporation Ltd (OBC), a game-Hunting firm based in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The Government issued a 10-year Hunting permit, under the controversial agreement, to the Brigadier Mohammed Abdulrahim Al-Ali, believed to be a member of the royal family of the UAE, of Abu Dhabi in the UAE who owns (OBC). The grabbed land is a birthright land of thousands of villagers of Arash, Soitsambu, Oloipiri, Ololosokwan, Loosoito and Oloirien villages of Loliondo.

Mr. President, a Parliamentary Committee was formed to probe the Loliondo Gate saga. It revoked the dirty agreement. Strangely, a similar agreement was established.

In January 2000, OBC was granted another 5-year Hunting permit in the said area. As usual, without the villagers" consent. OBC constructed an airstrip. The villagers have been witnessing live animals being exported through the airstrip. OBC constructed structures near water sources. Hearing of the new permit, the Maasai sent a 13-men protest delegation to Dar Es Salaam in April 2000. The intention was to sort out the matter with you Mr. President. Unfortunately, they did not see you.

However, the delegation managed to hold a press conference at MAELEZO, National Information Corporation Centre. The Maasai contemplated a number of actions to be taken against both your Government and the Arab in connection with the plunder of the resources. The Maasai said that before a mass exodus of the Maasai to Kenya the first thing was to eliminate wild animals. Thereafter, the delegation retreated to Loliondo, as gravely frustrated as before.

The general election was scheduled for 2000, so the saga had to be explained away. The official statement was that power hungry opposition politicians were pushing the elders and that all the claims by the Maasai were "unfounded" and "baseless." To its credit, The Guardian went to Loliondo. It reported the following:

Maasai elders in Loliondo, Arusha Region, who recently declared a land dispute against OBC Ltd, a foreign game-Hunting firm, have accused some top Government officials of corrupt practices, saying the conflict is not political. The Arusha Regional Commissioner, Daniel ole Njoolay, recently described the simmering land dispute between the Maasai pastoralists and OBC, as a political issue.

Francis Shomet [the former Chairman for Ngorongoro District Council] claimed that Njoolay had misled Tanzanians to believe that the allegations recently raised by Maasai elders were unfounded and baseless. Fidelis Kashe, Ngorongoro District Council Chairman maintained, "We cannot stand idle to see our land being taken away by Arabs. We will kill all the animals in the area as these are the ones attracting the Arabs into our land" (The Guardian May 30, 2000).

The next morning Government officials were reported to have said the following:

The Minister for Natural Resources and Tourism, Zakia Meghji, yesterday assured Ngorongoro residents that no land has been sold or grabbed by Arabs in Loliondo. Flanked by the Arusha Regional Commissioner, Daniel ole Njoolay and the Director of Wildlife, Emanuel Severre, Meghji commented, "There is no clause on the sale of land in the contract signed between OBC and the six villages of Ololosokwan, Arash, Maaloni, Oloirien, Oloipiri and Soitsambu."

However an inquiry conducted by The Guardian in Loliondo last week established that the Maasai elders were not involved in the re-lease of the Hunting block to the company. According to Megji, her probe established that the building has been constructed about 400 metres from the water source, 200 metres more than the distance recommended by law. But The Guardian investigation shows that the structures are less than 50 metres from a spring. And another spring has dried up (The Guardian May 31, 2000).

Mr. President, underline two points. First, the Minister said the building has been constructed 400 metres from the water source. Second, "The Guardian investigation shows that the structures are less than 50 metres from a spring." Now unless one's mathematics teacher at school was daft, there is a huge different between 50 and 400! When did 50 metric metres turn to mean 400 metric metres? Can it be claimed that the Maasai were party to this so-called agreement? I am at a loss why this-well known-Minister has not been made to face the full force of the law.

In the proposal, Brigadier Al Ali outlined the benefits of his operations in Loliondo to the Government, local communities, and wildlife conservation in the Serengeti-Maasai Mara-Ngorongoro ecosystem. Among its important objectives were:

� To conserve an area contiguous to the Serengeti National Park, which is essential to the long-term survival of the ecosystem and its migration.

� To develop a new role and image for the Arab world as regards wildlife conservation, management, and human development.

� To improve locals" revenue, development facilities, and create employment.

� To generate revenues for the Central and District Governments.

The OBC now stands accused of self-contradiction and violation of legal and moral obligations in virtually all the above areas, resulting instead in environmental destruction; unfulfilled promises and exploitation of the local communities; and direct undermining of the stability of the region's wildlife and natural habitats.

It has become evident that OBC had a long-term agenda for exploiting the high concentration of wildlife in Loliondo. Its Hunting operations are guaranteed by the continuous flow of wildlife from the Serengeti, Ngorongoro, Maasai Mara, and other areas. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, OBC "was taking advantage of migratory patterns of wildlife coming out of Serengeti."

Mr. President, be informed that the villages in and adjacent to protected areas in Tanzania have no Government-supported infrastructures. Take Ngorongoro District for instance. There is no Government hospital in Ngorongoro. It may take a week to travel from Arusha to Loliondo, just less than 400 km, depending on weather, for there is no road. There is no even a single Government advanced level secondary education school in six (repeat six) Districts in the Greater Serengeti Region. This situation brings to question the legitimacy of wildlife conservation vis-�-vis the right of rural people to lead a decent life given nature endowment in their localities.

Mr. President, the Maasai of Loliondo have for a long time accused OBC of grave human rights abuses. They have described acts of intimidation, harassment, arbitrary arrest and detention, and even torture by OBC staff, Tanzanian police and military in the name of OBC; brazen violations of grazing and land rights; and wanton environmental destruction and imminent extermination of wildlife. They have seen leaders who once opposed OBC's practices corrupted and bought-off.

The OBC operates like a separate arm of the Government. Many people in Loliondo believe that OBC is even more powerful than the Government. The Maa word for "the Arab", Olarrabui, is often used to refer Brigadier Al Ali, and by extension OBC. The word Olarrabui has become synonymous with power, authority, brutality, fear, and entities larger than life.

Mr. President, you do not need to be a rocket scientist to comprehend that this is the clearest case of abuse of office. It is suggested, for those willing to avert disaster, the Tanzania Government included, that immediate steps be taken to put to an end the violation of fundamental human rights in Ngorongoro. As to lands lost in Loliondo, the Government is advised to return this to its owners. Land should not be grabbed senselessly. The Government, should at once, re-look into the whole matter.


Navaya ole Ndaskoi.


- The International Court of Justice

- The United Nations High Commission for Human Rights

- The United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations

- Human Rights Groups around the World

- Faculty of Law of the University of Dar Es Salaam

- Local and International Conservation Agencies

- Ministry of Tourism and Natural Resources

- The Attorney General

- The Chief Justice

- The Speaker of the United Republic of Tanzania Parliament

- The Press, print and electronic

- Political parties in Tanzania

- Tanganyika Law Society

- Other interested parties.

Navaya ole Ndaskoi

see also Extract 3734

The Maasai protest delegation holding a press conference in Dar Es Salaam in 2000

Extract ID: 3733

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: Indigenous Rights for Survival International
Page Number: c
Extract Date: 2/1/03

Stop the killing fields of Loliondo

Extract ID: 3734