Africa Online

Book ID 527

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Africa Online,
Extract Date: 1996

Closure of Gologonja and Loitoktok

� 1996, Features Africa Network All rights reserved Distributed by Africa Online, Inc.

The Tanzanian government has directed closure of Gologonja and Loitoktok entry points to popularize Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA) as a gateway.

The Minister for Natural Resources and Tourism, Juma Ngasongwa told a one-day workshop on integrated tourism masterplan that by so doing the country would generate more money from tourists.

Gologonja and Loitoktok in Mara and Kilimanjaro regions respectively were closed to control flow of tourists into the northern tourists circuit, most of whom drove through from Kenya.

Ngasongwa also proposed a diversity of tourism activities to lessen concentration on wildlife tourism in northern Tanzania.

He cited other potential areas as cultural tourism, historical sites, archeological sites, marine resources and the beaches.

The Minister emphasised the need to explore other areas, arguing that every district had unique tourists attractions, including music, art and the like.

Meanwhile, the Minister reassured the workshop that the government underlined the importance of the tourism sector to the economy of the country, and appreciated the need to invest heavily on it.

He emphasised the need to use modern technology in tourism development strategies given the current global competition. The minister further stressed the improvement of services, professionalism and environmentaly sustainable tourism as permanent considerations.

Extract ID: 407

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Africa Online,
Extract Date: 1996

'Leopard Son' film launched

� 1996, Features Africa Network All rights reserved Distributed by Africa Online, Inc.

President Benjamin Mkapa launched a film entitled 'The Leopard Son at the Sheraton Hotel yesterday.

The film which was shot in Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation area, was produced by Hugo van Lawick, who has lived and worked among wild animals for more than 30 years, sources from the Nature Conservation Film (NCF) said.

The launching was organized by the NCF in collaboration with the Tanzania Tourist Board. The NCF sources said the 93-minute film is the true story of the birth, growth and coming of age of a leopard in Africa�s Serengeti Plains.

'Beautifully filmed by acclaimed naturalist Hugo van Lawick it is the tale of how a child learns the lessons of life at his mother�s side, and at the same time, how he finds his place in the world,' the sources explained.

The sources noted that the story of 'The Leopard Son' is aimed at promoting world awareness on the conservation of Serengeti National Park.

Extract ID: 522

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Africa Online,
Extract Date: 1996

Survival of the Maasai and Tatoga?

Features Africa Network All rights reserved Distributed by Africa Online, Inc.

The Tanzanian government has been called upon to ensure the survival of the Maasai and Tatoga Pastoralists residing in the Ngorongoro conservation area(NCA) in the northern part of the country.

The call was made in Arusha by an expert in pastoralism, Martin Loft, of the committee for pastoralist issues, an International Network based in Denmark.

Loft told reporters that the Maasai Pastoralists living in the area had the right to survive and should be helped by the government and the general public to ensure that famine does not enter their area of great wealth.

'The Pastoralists have experienced a dramatic decrease in their livelihood to the point where two thirds of the population have dropped below subsistence level,' Loft said.

About 24,000 people of the 42,000 Pastoralists residing in the area survive only due to the help given by their slightly more fortunate relatives.

The call came about in response to the government order that all agricultural activities in the NCA should stop by next January.

The government decreed in a cabinet paper of June, 1994 that the ban on cultivation in the NCA would be re-imposed in January, 1996, when it was expected that economic alternatives to agriculture should be in place.

So far, the expert said, no action had been taken by the responsible NCA authority (NCAA) to introduce alternative economic activities despite the government decree, threatening the lives of the people in the area with famine.

The 8,292-square kilometers NCA in Arusha region was established in 1959 as Africa's first multiple land use area, with the aim of perpetuating the harmonious coexistence between semi-nomadic Pastoralists and their herds on one hand and protection of wildlife and conservation of natural resources on the other.

All protected areas in northern Tanzania and southern Kenya were formerly pastoralist lands. However, Ngorongoro is the only place where men have been allowed to continue co-existing with wildlife in the natural surroundings.

Extract ID: 716

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Africa Online,
Extract Date: 1996

The film entitled 'Maasai'

� 1996, Features Africa Network All rights reserved Distributed by Africa Online, Inc.

Three executives from a major film distributors company of Britain are in Dar es Salaam to select locations for the shooting of a film aimed at promoting Tanzania's tourism.

Brian Hudson, head of the delegation told reporters that their first mission in the country is to tour the Northern tourist circuit which harbours most of the country's national parks and Mount Kilimanjaro. He said they would go to Tanzania on Sunday for a similar mission. Hudson said they would sign a 25-million-US-dollar agreement on the project with the host group, Tanzania Maasai Film Investors Group. The film entitled 'Maasai' aims at selling Tanzania's tourism abroad.

Extract ID: 1305

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Africa Online,
Extract Date: 1996

the government's move to tighten security

� 1996, Features Africa Network All rights reserved Distributed by Africa Online, Inc.

The US and the Italian envoys in Dar es Salaam have welcomed the government's move to tighten security in Tanzania's national parks. The move comes in the wake of an attack on two women tourists and a driver in Serengeti by a gang of robbers in an ambush. One of the women in the September 8 attack later died.

In a recent press conference, the Minister for Tourism and Natural Resources, Dr. Juma Ngasongwa, said security measures taken by the government included increasing the number of rangers in the national parks, training them to combat banditry under a Zimbabwean expert already in Tanzania and the deployment of more police to reinforce ranger patrols.

Extract ID: 1336

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Africa Online,
Extract Date: 1996 Oct 15

wildlife protection and anti-poaching efforts

Features Africa Network All rights reserved Distributed by Africa Online, Inc.

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) pledged two million US dollars to support Tanzania's wildlife protection and anti-poaching efforts, according to a local newspaper. The commitment was announced in Arusha, northern Tanzania on Sunday by acting assistant administrator of USAID Bureau for Africa, Carol Peaseley.

She said the aid would create partnership among wildlife division in the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA) administration, Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority, the U.S government, local and international NGOs to improve the protection and sustain flora and fauna resources.

'Areas of assistance and collaboration include anti-poaching, support for the Convention and International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), Community Education and Outreach and Conservation Policy,' she said. Peaseley was invited to visit Tarangire National Park by minister for natural resources and tourism, Juma Ngasongwe.

Meanwhile, after a game drive, Peaseley formally handed over to the minister a Cessna 182 aircraft with registration number 5H-AWF for the wildlife division in accordance with an agreement. The aircraft will be used for wildlife research, monitoring and anti-poaching activities, she told the minister. The three-seater plane has been used for USAID-funded project for Planning and Wildlife Management (PAWM).

The Tanzanian minister commended the US commitment in assisting Tanzania in the conservation and management of wildlife resources. He said the wildlife sector has enjoyed links with the US government for a long time which include wildlife management training in US institutions.

Extract ID: 1063

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Africa Online,
Extract Date: 1999

The Music of Tanzania

Africa OnLine

For decades Tanzania has enjoyed an unparalleled live music scene, despite the paucity of its recording facilities. Whether playing traditional drums, songs and dances (ngoma) or the latest styles (mitindo) of dance bands, music groups enjoy many opportunities to perform. Tanzanian musicians have drawn a regular salary as employees of the state-sponsored organizations which buy instruments, run nightclub establishments, and oversee general business management. In Dar Es Salaam, bands rotate through the suburban circuit, offering live music entertainment on a near-daily basis in the various districts.

In the 1940's Tanzania, along with its neighbor Zaire, responded enthusiastically to the influx of Cuban music hitting the market. These recordings, released on heavy, shellac 78's bearing the imprint of HMV's "GV" label, introduced music lovers across Africa to the classic sounds of sones, rumbas and boleros from legendary Cuban groups like Trio Matamoros and Sexteto Habanero. Tanzanian groups of the 1940's, Mogoro and La Paloma, clearly showed this rumba influence which was to continue unabated through the 1960's. La Paloma, formed in 1948, went on to become Cuban Marimba Band which ruled as one of Tanzania's most popular bands until its leader, Salim Abdullah's, death in 1965.

The year 1961 marked "uhuru" (freedom) as Taganyika gained independence under the leadership of Julius Nyere. A few years later, in 1964, Taganyika merged with the island of Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanzania. A policy of "ujamaa" or togetherness, was established to help build and coalesce national identity. This included the establishment of KiSwahili as a national language to unite Tanzania's 120 ethnic groups, and, for similar reasons, in 1973 state radio station Radio Tanzania Dar Es Salaam, (RTD), banned all foreign music (with the exception of Zaire) on national programs. Due to a severe lack of studios and production equipment, RTD became the main supporter and chief promoter of the country's musicians and helped to foster the growth of Tanzania's music scene. A national music council BAMAUTA (Baraza la Muziki la Taifa), was created in 1974 which coordinated all official national music policies, including regulation of musical instrument imports and discotheque licenses.

In addition to Cuban Marimba Band, other groups such as Kiko Kids Jazz, Western Jazz Band and Dar Es Salaam Jazz Band played their guitar-oriented music through the 1960's, (the "jazz" moniker inspired by seminal Congolese-Zairean bands of the same epoch). 1965 marked the emergence of what would become Tanzania's longest-running band- NUTA Jazz. Named after the National Union of Tanzanian Workers, Nuta changed their name in 1977 to the Swahilized Juwata Jazz, and continue strong today. The 1970's in general saw an explosion of talented groups including Orchestra Maquis Original (originally from the Lubumbashi region of Zaire), Orchestra Mlimani Park and individual musicians like Mbarka Mwinshehe (known as the "Franco of East Africa"), and Remmy Ongala. By the end of the decade, statistics indicated that Tanzania had 6000 ngoma (traditional groups), 120 Swahili jazz bands, 60 taarab groups, 50 choirs and 30 brass bands.

Dance bands in Tanzania are distinguished by their trademark dance style or mtindo (plural: mitindo). Juwata Jazz is known for msondo, Maquis for zembwela and sendema and Mlimani Park for sikinde (proudly blazoned across their tour bus). Mlimani Park is one of Tanzania's most loved bands, revered for their lyrical poetry and cohesive instrumental arrangements. For years their musicianship was particularly distinguished by lead guitarist Michael Enoch, a graduate of Dar Es Salaam Jazz. Like many music scenes, bands in Tanzania tend to grow off-shoots or spawn other incarnations. Mlimani itself was an outgrowth of Juwata Jazz and in 1985 six members defected to form International Orchestra Safari Sound (IOSS).

The Tanzania music scene since the 1970's has included many Zaireans who adapted readily to the East African idiom by forgoing their Lingala in favor of Kiswahili lyrics. Remmy Ongala is a Zairean-born singer who has achieved great fame in Tanzania and internationally. After a stint with his uncle's band Orchestre Makassy, Ongala formed his own group Super Matimila where he focused on social and political issues confronted by the poor. In songs like "Mambo kwa soksi" he has addressed forthrightly such subjects as AIDS and condom protection. Ongala has toured Europe with British rock artist Peter Gabriel's WOMAD festival and recorded two albums, Songs for the Poor Man and Mambo for Gabriel's UK-based Real World label. For more complete information on Tanzania and Dar Es Salaam's music industry see Werner Graebner's articles in The Rough Guide to World Music (Penguin / Rough Guide, 1994). And we recommend the following CDs:

Recommended CDs:

    Various, Dada Kidawa, Sister Kidawa- Classic Tanzanian Hits from the 1960's (includes Cuban Marimba Band, Kiko Kids, NUTA Jazz, Dar Es Salaam Jazz), (Original Music)
    Mlimani Park Orchestra, Sikinde (Africassette)
    Various, Musiki wa Dansi- Tanzanian Hits vol. 2 (includes Maquis Original, Juwata Jazz, IOSS) (Africassette)
    Remmy Ongala, Songs for the Poor Man (Real World)

Extract ID: 1413