Internet Movie Database

Book ID 790

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Extract Date: 1951

Where No Vultures Fly - credits

Directed by

Harry Watt

Writing credits

W.P. Lipscomb

Leslie Norman

Tagline: An adventure story of savage Africa.

User Rating: 7.3/10 (6 votes)

Also Known As:

Ivory Hunter (1951) (USA)

Runtime: 107

Country: UK

Language: English

Color: Color (Technicolor)

Certification: Finland:K-8

Directed by

Harry Watt

Writing credits

W.P. Lipscomb

Leslie Norman

Ralph Smart

Harry Watt (story)

Cast (in credits order) complete, awaiting verification

Anthony Steel .... Bob Payton

Dinah Sheridan .... Mary Payton

Harold Warrender .... Mannering

Meredith Edwards (I) .... Gwyl

William Simons .... Tim Payton

Orlando Martins .... M'Kwongi

rest of cast listed alphabetically

Jafeth Ananda .... Scarface (uncredited)

Phillip Birkinshaw .... District Commissioner (uncredited)

Andrew Cruickshank .... Governor

Kenneth Augustus Jeremy .... Watson (uncredited)

Johanna Kitau .... Kimolo (uncredited)

John Lawrence (III) .... 2nd Hunter (uncredited)

Jack Arundel Mallett .... Chief Game Warden (uncredited)

Paul N'Gei .... Ondego (uncredited)

Wallace Needham-Clark .... Chief Veterinary Officer (uncredited)

David Osieli .... Kali (uncredited)

Bartholomew Sketch .... Scarface's Brother (uncredited)

Edmund Stewart .... 1st Hunter (uncredited)

Produced by

Michael Balcon .... producer

Leslie Norman .... associate producer

Original music by

Alan Rawsthorne

Cinematography by

Paul Beeson (I)

Geoffrey Unsworth

Film Editing by

Jack Harris (I)

Gordon Stone (III)

Production Management

Edward Joseph .... production manager

Other crew

Ernest Irving .... musical director

Crew believed to be complete.

Extract ID: 3345

external link

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Internet Movie Database,
Page Number: 2
Extract Date: 1962

Hatari! - reviews


North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

Date: 4 December 2003

Summary: Hawks' African 'Buddy' Film a Wayne Classic!

Hatari! may be the most enjoyable of the Howard Hawks/John Wayne collaborations (their other pairings produced the classics RED RIVER and RIO BRAVO, and the RIO BRAVO 'remakes' EL DORADO and RIO LOBO), and is exceptional in several ways; at 157 minutes (2 hours, 37 minutes), it may be one of the longest 'buddy' films ever made; nearly all of the animal 'chase and capture' sequences involved the actual cast members (professional handlers serving as stunt doubles were only rarely used); and the filming began with virtually no script (which was written based on the 'on location' footage in Africa, after the cast returned to California). At 65, director Hawks was still in top form, and the risks he took paid off...Hatari!, despite it's length, is never boring!

The story focuses on a season with a team of professional hunter/trappers, capturing animals for zoos and circuses. With a breathtaking opening scene of a rhino chase, costing them the use of veteran driver, 'Indian' (legendary actor Bruce Cabot), the 'family' dynamic is quickly established, with rugged Sean Mercer (Wayne) both boss and father-figure to the group. As he and the rest of the 'family' (Red Buttons, Hardy Kr�ger, Valentin de Vargas, and Mich�le Girardon) meet 'Indian's' replacement, 'Chips' (G�rard Blain), Mercer has an even bigger headache to deal with; beautiful photographer Anna Maria 'Dallas' D'Allesandro (Elsa Martinelli) has arrived, to shoot a magazine spread. A 'traditional' Hawks leading lady, 'Dallas' is feisty, sultry, and attracted to Mercer, and the older man, uncomfortable with the ease by which she fits into the group, as well as his own stirrings, tries to make it clear that romance has no place on his agenda (in much the same manner as he did with Angie Dickinson in RIO BRAVO...and with the same results).

While some elements of the story are dated and politically incorrect (shooting a baby African elephant, even as a 'mercy killing', would be a major offense, today, as it is an endangered species), the combination of spectacular 'hunt' sequences, and the warmth and easy camaraderie of the cast in the subplots make Hatari! a rich, rewarding experience.

A major plus for the film is a very atypical Henry Mancini score, combining tense, African-influenced themes for the chases, and the very funny 'Elephant Walk' to punctuate 'Dallas's' relationship with her adopted pachyderm 'children'. The baby elephant scenes are film highlights, as is the rocket capture of a tree filled with monkeys, and both rhino chases (which clearly shows Wayne in some real danger!)

From the opening rhino sequence to the closing 'Honeymoon' scene, Hatari! is a grand entertainment, and escapism at it's best!



london, ontario

Date: 28 November 2003

Summary: why only a few votes???

this surprises me big time!! not just that this movie is spectacular, with the best scenery and wildlife shots, great acting, funny, full of action and the little elephant song :). i dont know many people that have not seen this movie, and i certainly dont know anybody that didnt say "thumbs up". i know this is one of the movies people watch repeatedly. its hard to understand there is just over a thousand votes.


jack purvin york

Date: 14 May 2003

Summary: john wayne in africa, what could be better.

great scenes of hunts in africa intertwined with story. john wayne the hero again, great filming, and red buttons is funny,comical and credible as pockets. elsa martinelli is a great sexy and beautiful dallas. and they all fight for dallas's attention.a wonderful story intermixed with the baby elephant walk music.



fresno, California

Date: 2 May 2003

Summary: The most hilarious John Wayne movie

I first saw this movie in 1962. Today it is still as fresh and funny as it was forty years ago. And it is so politically incorrect! It should be put on a pedestal!!! Think about it cool and suave dudes out in the wilds of Africa capturing wild animals for zoos! It's great to see those these folks, rousting beasts during the day, dancing around the piano, while they hold a martini in one hand and a beautiful girl wrapped around the other. The Henry Mancini music is a pleasure to listen to. Just try to obtain a rare CD of the Hatari soundtrack. The humor in the movie is largely supplied by an adorable Red Buttons, playing a former New York cabbie who currently acts as manic truck driver for John Wayne on his daily quest to capture animals. And why is Buttons now driving in Africa? His explanation is that the animals are like New York drivers, so he feels right at home. So run, don't walk to your nearest video rental joint. Rent this baby and spend the next few hours laughing with a movie from a different time and world view.



Hampton, Virginia, USA

Date: 14 December 2002

Summary: My favorite John Wayne film

I have seen this movie about 20 times and its appeal never fades. The nice mix of comedy and action make this my favorite John Wayne film. Each of the supporting characters are so unique and well-developed that it is truly an ensemble piece. Even the music is wonderful. "Elephant Walk" is still so reconizable that I can't help but smile every time I hear it.




Date: 30 November 2002

Summary: At least with the VHS version you can catch a sandwich

The name of the movie almost sounds "African". This is one of John Wayne's `travelogue movies' as I have come to call them. The movies basically stink yet they have several ingredients common to the script which makes them easily identifiable. First they are shot on location, Africa, Hawaii, at the circus or to the backdrop of some unusual profession as in Hellfighters. Second, and this never fails, Duke is always much larger than other men in the cast and also much older. In the case of Red Buttons, nicknamed `Pockets' in this movie, and Hardy Krueger, the short German method actor, Duke appears almost menacing with his enormous size compared to the other actors and threatening repartee. The sperm count of the cast must have been microscopic. The third ingredient is that Duke had lung cancer and was diagnosed in 1963 during the filming of The Sons of Katie Elder. So in movies like Hitari, and Donovan's Reef, he was still turning the girls on with cigarette breath and using Camels as sexual paraphernalia. The fourth ingredient is what I call `zany nonsense'. There is always some kind of idiotic chase scene comic relief thing going. In the case of Hitari, Duke loads a baby elephant in the back of a jeep and then rides off like a maniac terrifying the animal all in the attempt to chase down an Italian model turned actress named `Dallas' as she was trying to get the heck away from Duke and his absurd missed love cues. If Duke was the prize bull amongst all of the midget male actors, he sure came off as brain damaged. His shaving cream kiss with Dallas looked more like State's evidence than affection. The last ingredient is the `show you how it's done' thing. Some portion of these movies is always dedicated to some mandatory action footage about how to do whatever it is that Duke is supposed to be an expert doing. It is just filler to hide the lack of plot. For example in Hellfighters, it was putting out oil fires, in Hatari there is the usual obligatory action scene featuring Duke wrestling what could only be a drug induced Rhino into submission with the help of friendly African Natives and lots of rope. Animal rights activists might find these scenes appalling however movie critics would find the entire film appalling. One star is quite generous.




Date: 11 October 2002

Summary: There is more to a film Hatari! than the Star

Since many of John Wayne's later films were of the May-December romantic theme, this "sub" plot came as no surprise. I found that the musical score, the awesome scenery and the supporting actors, especially Red Buttons who is a superb physical comedian, makes it a light weight but enjoyable film.


douglasmeyer56 (

Denver, Colorado

Date: 4 August 2002

Summary: Love the Hat!

John Wayne at one of his many peaks, Hatari! gives Wayne a different setting to give orders and bumble with women. The music is some of the period's best. I

recall seeing it as a young kid and loved the jeeps (that never seemd to run out of gas), the animal scenes, and of course John Wayne.

I would love to get a hold of that hat of his, with the extended bill.



Seattle, WA

Date: 9 July 2002

Summary: Rugged, good outdoor fun in the African sun.

I remember going to see this in 1960's as the first sit down movie my family went to. I think I fell asleep half way through. Up until that point, I had only been to drive-in theater's.

A very typical Howard Hawkes movie. The men are macho, larger than life, and the women have a quiet strength that shows through during tough times. The film suffers from a too large cast, unfunny forced dialog, and unbelievable romantic angles that make me cringe a little. Maybe if William Holden instead of John Wayne had been cast as the main star, the romance could have been carried off. John Wayne was never at his best as a romantic lead. What is best about the movie are the excellent on location filming of animal captures, and chases. * * * out of * * * * *.

A bit of trivia. At the beginning of the film, the drunken, rowdy gang sing a song called, I believe, "Whiskey, leave me alone." This same song was sung ten years earlier in Hawkes film, 'The Big Sky' that starred Kirk Douglas. Also, does anyone else notice how much these people smoke? You cannot go more than a couple of scenes without someone either bumming a smoke, or lighting up one of their own.



St Mary's County, MD

Date: 29 June 2002

Summary: Classic, good adventure, decent personal involvements.

A classic. Good clean adventure, comedy, decent personal involvements, no animals injured. My children and grand children all enjoy this film. Could be used as a learning tool for grades 5-8 with the realistic native scenes and the methods used to procure animals for zoos worldwide.




Date: 10 May 2002

Summary: Fun and excitement

Hatari! is one of my favorite John Wayne movies. If you just want a really fun movie this is it. The movie doesn't really have much of a plot (except for maybe the growing relationship between Sean (John Wayne) and Anna Maria) but it's a great adventure movie. The animal chase scenes are awesome. The scenery is too. John Wayne, as always, is great. My favorite scene was when they finally captured the rhinocerous. THAT was pretty good excitement! Some great camera angles were used in that scene.

The film alternates between the chase scenes and quieter scenes at the camp. I even thought those were interesting also as they dealt with the relationships between various personalities on a safari.

Hatari! is hard to beat for just excitement and fun. A must see.



Date: 2 April 2002

Summary: A mixed bag

"Hatari!" is a bit of a frustrating experience. The animal chase sequences are very realistically filmed and truly exciting to watch, but the film lags during the character development scenes and much of the comedy comes off as rather clumsy. Another disadvantage is its overlength, but Henry Mancini's score is a great asset.


mrbluto (

Date: 15 January 2002

Summary: Hatari means fun

Hatari is one of my favorite John Wayne movies, it never gets bogged down in any message but fun and romance, Red buttons is at his funny best as pockets the loved starved truck driver, Hardy Kr�ger, G�rard Blain and Bruce Cabot are the tough guy girl chasing drivers, Elsa Martinelli plays the cool beautiful zoo photographer who falls for the big Irish lug Wayne. One of Wayne's funniest movies with a big slice of adventure thrown in.

8 out of 10

Tell me again Shawn about the rocket?



Date: 19 December 2001

Summary: Typical!

Hatari is what I would call one of those classic movies that has to be seen,'cause most everyone you know has already seen it.A typical John Wayne flick,with all those white macho men rounding up savage beasts and managing to survive in that great expanse of Africa.Although a movie that is filled with stereotypes,Hatari does feature some good music and good acting(especially the outstanding Red Buttons).Hatari to me seems just a slightly better substitute to Survivor(Africa).


helpless_dancer (

Broken Bow, Oklahoma

Date: 9 December 2001

Summary: Hatari means hyena in swahilli

Fairly good, but too long, film with some really good scenes showing animals being captured with trucks. This must really drive the PETA folks into a slobbering rage. In between chases the film bogs down at times with dumb, unrealistic dialogue and action. Once again we are asked to believe a young, good looking woman is going to instantly fall head over heels for Grampa Wayne. There were some funny scenes I must admit, but too much of the comedy was corny and forced. Not Wayne's best.



Puerto Varas, Chile

Date: 30 October 2001

Summary: Hawks, the African King

When you read the way Henry Mancini reached the music for "Hatari!" you�re sure he really made it. And when you listen the score it's the hearing of adventure's landing. The thrill of it all. Wait and see! Once there was a time when the next step into fantasy was as real as wild life. The excitement you feel at the view of John Wayne running after the zebras and specially the rhinos, and the pleasure you get from the whole group at work and at leisure (days and nights of slender and beautiful Elsa Martinelli, funny fellow Red Buttons or the non-tense rivalry, basically "a cause d�une femme", between french Blain and german Kruger), well, this is more than you�re used to see in a movie. Howard Hawks made it, and he really knew how to put a script in a breath of eternity.


Len Teasdale

Mount Vernon, NY

Date: 25 July 2001

Summary: Great action, romance, and laughs rolled into one!

One of John Wayne's best, non-western, movies. Good cast, but the real stars in many respects are the animals. Great mix of action, as they try to catch, not kill the animals. Good mix of romance, with one major romantic entanglement (John Wayne and Elsa Martinelli), will they or won't they and one minor romance (Red Buttons and Michele Girardon), how did that happen?

And last but not least, great fun with the baby elephants and the capture of the monkeys, scientifically??!!! A great movie the whole family can enjoy.




Date: 16 July 2001

Summary: so much fun

Hatari! is a film I could watch over and over for all eternity. I've loved it since I was a kid. John Wayne and a great ensemble cast are fun to watch as they have adventures in Africa capturing wild game for zoos around the world. Most of the laughs come from Red Buttons's comic relief Pockets, who does everything from make sly comments to building a giant rocket in order to capture monkeys. The capture sequences with the larger animals (especially the first and second rhino chases) are thrilling, with the actors themselves right in there with the animals. The almost three-hour running time flies by before you even know it. Throw in one of Henry Mancini's greatest scores and two pretty girls, and you've got a fun-filled adventure the whole family can enjoy for years and years.




Date: 13 July 2001

Summary: Movies don't get much better than this!

What do you wnat? Big names? Howard Hawks and John Wayne qualify. Adventure? The rhino scenes are as good as it gets. Comedy? Red Buttons' plan for capturing monkeys is a classic, as is the final chase scene with baby elephants. Oh, and it also has one of Henry Mancini's best scores.

I never seem to get tired of watching this movie. I have it on VHS (2 tapes, although it would fit on a T-160). It's one of the few that I'd also buy if it became available on DVD.

Perhaps the best combination of everything that makes movies (not "films" which seems to always involve subtitles) enjoyable.

Almost perfect.



Columbus, Ohio

Date: 9 April 2001

Summary: The best of the John Wayne movies

This movie is fast paced but seems leisurely. It is filled with exciting animal chase sequences but is really a romance. It is my favorite Red Buttons movie as well as my favorite John Wayne. One of the things that I really like about this movie is that the supporting cast carry so many scenes without John Wayne overwhelming them. All of the characters get developed as if they actually have a life off-screen. This is a very entertaining comedy that never seems to lose its appeal to my whole family.



The Beach

Date: 14 August 2000

Summary: Something for everyone.

Big, colorful, star-powered classic African adventure which set the standard for the genre and inspired such diverse producers as Ivan Tors with "Daktari" (and feature film "Clarence the Cross-Eyed Lion") and Steven Speilberg with "The Lost World" (especially the round-up scene). Something for everyone: adventure, comedy, romance, nature and baby elephants...and let's not forget, John Wayne. Lots of fun.



Cologne, Germany

Date: 18 June 2000

Summary: 9 out of 10

One of Hawks' most underrated movies, a great, very enjoyable, tremendously entertaining, funny, action-paced, suspenseful and exciting adventure saga with charming romantic interplay and well-drawn, imminently likeable characters. Falls short of masterpiece, but has John Wayne excelling in the lead as well as a bunch of great actors in typical roles. A superb classic.


Chazzzzz (

Jacksonville, Florida

Date: 14 February 2000

Summary: This one has EVERYTHING...

Length, Action, Sexy Girl, Comedy, Scenery, Wild Animals, you name it, it is here! Great movie! John Wayne is at his best. Red Buttons delivers a superb performance. Elsa Martinelli is also at her best here! That 7.4 IMDb Weighted Rating is definitely too low... it should be a lot higher! A SOLID 10!


Tom Martin

Lansing, Michigan

Date: 26 December 1999

Summary: Enjoyable but long John Wayne African Western with plenty of good wildlife scenes.

John Wayne is in charge in this Howard Hawks directed African Western. His character reminds me of Sam McCord in "North To Alaska". This time around Elsa Martinelli is Wayne's romantic interest.

This is not your standard John Wayne movie. He doesn't get to use his fists once. The emphasis here is on comedy rather than violence. Veteran comedian Red Buttons is on hand for wise cracks and some very funny moments. His capture of hundreds of monkeys is one of the film's better moments.

Some of the action is almost slapstick in character. Elsa Martinelli's baby elephants steal the show. Martinelli's character seems to be a magnet for homeless elephants. Ultimately, they have a central role in the film's finale, a fast and very funny tour around a Kenyan town.

There is plenty of exciting wildlife photography in this film, perhaps too much. The film tells the story of one season on a game ranch that captures animals for zoos. There is little real plot. Much of the suspense revolves around the dangers of capturing rhinos. A rhino gores Bruce Cabot in one of the early scenes. Later, he cautions Wayne to avoid them. Wayne of course ignores him and ultimately they capture a rhino.

Although enjoyable, this film reminds me of a Disney real-life adventure. There is little character development, a slim plot and the whole thing takes far too long. Henry Mancini's score is very nice, particularly the cute "Baby Elephant Walk". There is also some great stunt work, including a jeep crash in which two lead characters are messed up. This film is exciting and worth watching, but don't expect any great moral message. It's not here.


Derek Henderson


Date: 3 December 1999

Summary: the animals steal the show (what show there is, anyways)

Incredibly insipid movie. The acting is intolerably pathetic, the script even more so (both of them a few notches below a sub-par "Gilligan's Island" episode), and the plot unintelligible. There are two things that save this movie from the absolute bottom of the barrel: the Mancini soundtrack (with the exception of the "ditty" for the final chase scene), and the animal tracking scenes. The filming for the actual animal captures is truly magnificent, even more so with the knowledge that the actors themselves were responsible for all the action. Essentially, if one dumps all that tepid "plot," erases all the actor's lines, and edits out all but the animal chase sequences, Howard Hawks would have had a damn fine movie on his hands.



Kassel, Germany

Date: 1 June 1999

Summary: The honor belongs to the elephants

This is one the funniest adventure films I've ever seen. Russell Harlan's camera work is top notch and John Wayne gave one of his best performances. But that what this film makes so legendary are the little elephants and of course Henry Mancini's "Baby Elephant Walk".



Date: 27 April 1999

Summary: A safe, tame Howard Hawks movie

Hatari! sounds like a good idea, with John Wayne and his troop of goofballs hunting down African animals to catch and sell to zoos, and when when they are out doing that the movie's a thrill to watch. But unfortunately there's a bunch of nonsense about a female photographer inexperienced in the African wild, played with great emptiness by Elsa Martinelli. She's a twig of a lady and not as nearly as interesting as Michele Girardon, whose character has been around animals since she was a baby. There are a bunch of other guys, too, most of them there to act silently and toughly and to swarm around the two girls. There's also Red Buttons, who at times can be genuinely funny, and then at others the film cuts to him at an awkward moment so he can spout off a one-liner that's equally awkward. Even though the movie was apparently shot in Africa, the character development scenes manage to look like any old Hollywood soundstage. In previous Howard Hawks films, the parts that were the most fun were the dialogue scenes. And the more people talking the better. But Hatari! grinds to a halt every time they decide to move the characters' stories forward. Hawks doesn't blend the characters and the action, he makes them take turns. Who cares about these people? I want to go back out on safari! The movie's disappointing, although it doesn't really seem three hours long. Its light unimportance keeps it moving along swiftly. **1/2 out of ****


Marta Dawes (

Omaha, Nebraska

Date: 7 February 1999

Summary: Simply the best the Duke can offer

Don't miss this movie. It's almost 3 hours long, but it doesn't seem like it. I would sit down at any hour of the day or night to watch this film; it never bores. Elsa Martinelli is cooly funny as the love interest. Her spark lights up the film. Red Buttons is fantastic as John's manager; and Bruce Cabot tries his darndest to act like a womanizer. There's plenty of real excitement, too, in the animal chase scenes.

An amazing film that always entertains.


Extract ID: 3346

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See also

Internet Movie Database,
Page Number: 3
Extract Date: 1962

Hatari! - plot summary

John Wayne and his ensemble cast cavort over the African landscape filling orders from zoo's for wild animals. Bruce Cabot plays "the Indian", a womanizing sharpshooter who is gored by a rhino in the opening scenes of the film. This becomes a running theme through the movie; their bad luck in catching rhinos, and provides the climactic ending chase. While Bruce is in the hospital, Elsa Martinelli shows up as a woman photographer from a Swiss zoo, and John wants to send her packing. She strongarms the Duke into letting her stay by promising that her zoo will buy most of their animals this season if she's allowed to go along on the hunts and take photos. Hardy Kruger, Gerard Blain, Michelle Girardon and Valentin de Vargas round out the group. They traipse over the African landscape capturing animals; Elsa also has a running gag where she collects baby elephants as the movie goes along. In the end she's acquired three of them.

Summary written by Marta Dawes

Extract ID: 3348

external link

See also

Internet Movie Database,
Page Number: 4
Extract Date: 1962

Hatari! - Full Cast and Crew

Directed by

Howard Hawks

Writing credits (in credits order)

Harry Kurnitz (story)

Leigh Brackett

Cast (in credits order) verified as complete

John Wayne .... Sean Mercer

Hardy Kr�ger .... Kurt Mueller (as Hardy Kruger)

Elsa Martinelli .... Anna Maria 'Dallas' D'Allesandro

Red Buttons .... Pockets

G�rard Blain .... Chips Chalmoy (as Gerard Blain)

Bruce Cabot (I) .... Little Wolf aka The Indian

Mich�le Girardon .... Brandy de la Corte (as Michele Girardon)

Valentin de Vargas .... Luis Francisco Garcia Lopez

Eduard Franz .... Dr. Sanderson

Jon Chevron .... Joseph

Queenie Leonard .... Nurse

Eric Rungren

Emmett Smith .... Bartender

rest of cast listed alphabetically

Sam Harris (II) .... Man in Store (uncredited)

Henry Scott (I) .... Sikh Clerk (uncredited)

Jack Williams (I) .... Man (uncredited)

Produced by

Howard Hawks .... producer

Paul Helmick .... associate producer

Original music by

Hoagy Carmichael (song)

Henry Mancini

Cinematography by

Russell Harlan

Film Editing by

Stuart Gilmore

Art Direction by

Carl Anderson (I)

Hal Pereira

Set Decoration by

Claude E. Carpenter

Sam Comer

Costume Design by

Edith Head

Production Management

Jim Henderling .... unit manager

Don Robb (I) .... production manager

Second Unit Director or Assistant Director

Tom Connors Jr. .... assistant director (as Tom Connors)

Paul Helmick .... second unit director

Russell Saunders (I) .... assistant director (as Russ Saunders)

Art Department

Earl Olin (I) .... property master

Sound Department

John R. Carter (I) .... sound recordist (as John Carter)

Charles Grenzbach (I) .... sound recordist

Special Effects by

John P. Fulton .... special photographic effects


Carey Loftin .... stunts (uncredited)

Chuck Roberson .... stunt double: John Wayne (uncredited)

Other crew

Frank Beetson Jr. .... wardrobe: men

Joseph C. Brun .... associate photographer (as Joseph Brun)

Jim Henderling .... unit manager

Johnny Mercer .... lyricist

Richard Parker (III) .... special mechanical effects

Willy de Beer .... technical advisor

Extract ID: 3349