Name ID 87
At the end of 1916, Mr (later Sir) Horace Byatt was appointed Administrator over the northern half of the country controlled by Britain.
World History at KMLA
Page Number: 06c
Extract Date: 1916-1939
1916-1920 Horace Archer Bratt, administrator
1920-1924 Horace Archer Bratt
1925-1931 Donald Charles Cameron
1931-1934 George Stewart Symes
1934-1938 Harold Alfred MacMichael
1938-1941 Mark Aitchinson Young
Map and Guide to Tanzania
Page Number: 07b
Extract Date: 1919
The Treaty of Versailles in June 1919 gave Britain a mandate to administer all of former German East Africa under the supervision of the League of Nations, with the exception of Ruanda and Urundi, which were placed under Belgian administration. The country was renamed Tanganyika Territory, and was governed by the Colonial Office with General Sir H.A Byatt as first Administrator General.
In 1922 Slavery was finally abolished.
The mandate to administer the former German Colony has been conferred to Great Britain under the terms of the Supreme Council of the League of Nations. Great Britain has transferred the Provinces of Ruanda and Urundi, in the N.W., to Belgium, with the concurrence of the Supreme Council. These Provinces contain three-sevenths of the population and more than half the cattle of the Colony.
Naval Defence. The boundaries of the East Indies Station, on the African coast, were enlarged in 1919, and include Zanzibar and what was the littoral of "German" East Africa.
Dar-es-Salaam remains, at least for the present, the seat of Government of the conquered Colony. The first Administrator is Sir Horace Archer Byatt, C.M.G. The native troops have gone back quietly to their villages and the few Germans that remain are reported as settling down under the new Administration.
Minor Transfers of Territory in East Africa, incident at the close of the War (p. 521F)
Ruanda and Urundi (British East Africa). - The British Government transferred the Administration of these Provinces in the N.W. of late German East Africa to the Belgian Government, with the sanction of the Supreme Council, in August 1919.
Kianga. - Situated at the mouth of the Rovuma River (late German East Africa), with an area of 400 square miles; the claim to this territory by Portugal was conceded by the Supreme Council on Sept. 25th 1919.
In January 1919, his purview was extended to the whole of Tanganyika. Eighteen months later British administration took on a more formal basis by the promulgation of the Tanganyika Order in Council, in terms of which Byatt’s title was changed to that of Governor. He was empowered to make ordinances ‘for the good government of the country’.
Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: xxi
Extract Date: 1919 January 31
[Byatt, Sir Horace] becomes civil administrator of the territory occupied by British troops.
Nettelbeck, David A history of Arusha School, Tanzania
Page Number: 09b
Extract Date: 1916-1920
Sir Horace Byatt, a civil servant, was appointed administrator in 1916 and the first British Governor in 1920. He faced an almost total breakdown in administration, a severe famine in 1919, no financial support from Britain and some uncertainty as to how the League of Nations Mandate was to be interpreted. He did not allow a soldier-settler scheme similar to the one operating in Kenya; he prepared a land ordinance which clearly favoured African ownership and development; and he hoped to establish a separate education system which would ignore the missionary system and be in direct competition with it. Byatt's policies brought him into sharp conflict with the settlers, some of whom pressed for union, especially of Northern Tanzania, with Kenya where the policies were much more favourable to European settlement.
First Governor of Tanganyika