Margaret Kullander

Name ID 319

See also

Gibb's Farm Gibb's Farm Brochure
Page Number: 3
Extract Date: 1930-1960

Colonial Times

The first European settlers to arrive were Germans, in the mid-1800's. After World War I Tanganyika became a British Protectorate. Early in the 1930's a coffee farm was established by a German farmer, subsidised by the German Government. During the Second World War, the British Custodian of Enemy Property took over the farm. It was sold in 1948 to James Gibb, a British war veteran, who returned the neglected coffee farm to production. He married Margaret in 1959. Margaret Gibb was born in Tanzania to British parents, she started a small vegetable and flower garden. In 1960 the Ngorongoro Conservation Area was established adjacent to and north of Gibb's Farm.

Extract ID: 272

See also

Leakey, Mary Disclosing the Past
Page Number: 207
Extract Date: 1980s


The border with Kenya was closed in 1977 (reopened 17 Nov 1983).....

One effect of the enforced isolation in Tanzania has been to strengthen the ties of friendship and the bonds of mutual reliance between those of us who live on or near the Serengeti. George Dove had left three years before the border closed, and since his departure my closest neighbour has been Margaret Kullander, who has been a wonderful friend. She was born in Tanzania, though of British parents, and has spent most of her life in the country. When I first met her, Jim Gibb, her first husband, was still alive and they run a coffee plantation at Karatu, a village on the road from Ngorongoro to Arusha. After Jim's death, from a stroke, she married Per Kullander, a Norwegian who had been farm manager while Jim Gibb was alive. Gibb's Farm, as it is still called, has become a highly successful lodge and has a fine kitchen garden from which Margaret and Per have generously supplied my camps with superb fresh vegetables, so essential to our well being.

Extract ID: 3426

See also

Hanby, Jeannette & Bygott, David Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Page Number: 84


We wish to thank in particular the Conservators of NCA with whom we have worked over the years: Mr H Fosbrooke, Mr A Mgina, Mr. S.ole Saibull, and Mr J Kayera.


early on our interest in and knowledge about Ngorongoro was greatly enhanced by . . . . George and Lory Frame,


J.ole Kwai and Tepilit ole Saitoti have helped us in our research and also to understand the Maasai people of the area.


Felician Baraza and Sebastian Chuwa, knowledgeable in general and experts on plant life in particular have been extraordinarily tolerant of our questions over the many years that it has taken to answer them!


The first publication of this book (NCA guide) was facilitated by our ever-helpful friends Walter Bgoya, Per and Margaret Kullander, Aadje Geertsema, Deberah Snelson, and Neil and Liz Baker

Extract ID: 95

See also

Johns, Chris and Hemingway, Patrick (Introduction) Valley of Life


Some of those contacts - Margaret Kullander, Gary and Jill Strand, and Nigel Perks of Gibb's Farm Touring - helped make my time in the Rift Valley so productive and so memorable

Chris Johns is a National Geographic Society photographer.

Nigel Perks helped Johns set up some of his shots. Johns refers to Margaret Kullander, recalling how her husband was ambushed by a buffalo on their Tanzanian farm.

Chris John's guide in the Ngorongoro was Godfrey.

Extract ID: 367

See also

Gibb's Farm Gibb's Farm Brochure
Page Number: 4

Recent Times

In 1972 Gibb's Farm became a Lodge, James Gibb died in 1977 and the coffee estate - except for a small section for use in the lodge - was sold in 1978 to the Tanzanian Coffee Board. Gibb's Farm is still owned by Margaret Gibb and her husband Per Kullander.

Extract ID: 273

See also

Künkel, Reinhard African Elephants
Page Number: Introduction
Extract Date: 1998

I want to mention the names of a few people

I want to mention the names of a few people without whose support my new elephant work could not have happened, especially Mr E. Chausi, the conservator of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, who so warmly welcomed us back to this splendid Garden of Eden, as many visitors call the Ngorongoro Crater, after my wife and I had explored life and wildlife on the Australian continent for a year. It had been great fun and we were very tempted to stay.

The people of Ngorongoro and other friends helped us to decide to continue working in Tanzania.In this context I would like to thank Dr Richard Faust, president, and Dr Markus Borner, regional director, of the Frankfurt Zoological Society, who supported us in many ways. Both men are strongly committed to continuing the pioneering conservation work Professor Berhard Grzimek started decades ago, the essence of which is contained in his famous appeal: 'Serengeti shall not die.'

Aadje Geertsema and Margaret and Per Kullander invited us to stay at their Ndutu Safari Lodge on the Serengeti plains. It is a fabulous home from which to explore the surrounding plains and woodlands, the heart of the annual wildebeest migration during the rainy season. Sometimes the elephants move right through nature's endless garden spreading in front of our windows, to our everlasting joy. Thanks to our generous friends.

The people of the Ndutu Safari Lodge not only treat their guests to a special atmosphere, but also keep our cars together (not an easy task!), feed us (Little John's pancakes are the best in the world) and help us with the hundreds of problems everyday life in the bush offers one as challenge. And it is all done with a smile. Thanks to Leonard and Moody, to Little John and Ndelay, Marcelli and Josef, Hamisi and Mirando, Bifa and Augustin. I certainly would love to name them all, but then there would not be enough pages left for the elephants, so these few names have to stand for the great team of Ndutu. Thank you very much.

And thanks to Leonce and Mohamed too, and to Paul and Louise, who joined as managers just in time for the special challenges of a long El Nino season. I think few of the many people who come through on safari realize what an enormous amount of organisation it takes to run a lodge in the middle of nowhere. It is more than a full-time job and requires all the energy, competence and imagination that can be mustered. And still, sometimes humour is all that is left to keep the links together.

Aadje and Margaret, we appreciate your work! It allows us to forget about logistics and face our own specific set of problems. Like finding the elephants. They are big animals. But the forest is even bigger. Whole herds can disappear into the woodlands along the Olduvai Gorge. And do. It is wonderful to be free to look at them. Again our thanks.

Barbie Alien, as always, supported my work and this book, with her inspiring advice, strength and humour, not to mention providing a vital communication link and a home in the last stage of the production of this book.

Many thanks.

Reinhard 'Leo' Kunkel

Ndutu Safari Lodge

Ngorongoro Conservation Area


June 1998

Extract ID: 435

See also

Scriven, Marcus Eccentric empires in the sun
Page Number: 2

Margaret Kullander, Tanzania

The elephants are moving full tilt towards us, trumpeting in fury. "They�re still hunted in this country," says Margaret Kullander as the driver gets the four-wheel drive into gear and accelerates away, deeper into Tanzania's Tarangire National Park.

Kullander has survived many more abrasive encounters. Once, travelling with her first husband, Jim Gibb, and two friends (�and their two children and my three, all young�), she survived successive charges by a rhino. "Jim had good reactions" he turned and it hit the door," she says.

Her family story is vivid, embracing a maternal grandmother (the 13th of 16 children) who left England for South Africa; a maternal grandfather who fought in Tanganyika during the First World War and opened a general store there; and a father who she describes, not unfondly, as a "bit wild and a great drinker".

He had arrived in Tanganyika in 1924. Kullander's first decade was spent in colonial comfort, roaming about on the family's sisal farm. Early in 1946, she and her mother boarded the Winchester Castle and sailed through the Suez Canal to England, then to Aberdeen, where her education continued in the care of her paternal grandmother. "It was a disaster. I was an African child with all the freedoms of an African child; she was a Scottish, narrow-minded Presbyterian, worried about the neighbours."

She did not see her parents for seven years, till she flew home a fortnight after the Coronation. Another seven years elapsed before her marriage to Jim. Independence, which followed soon after, seemed to be welcomed; the fag-end years of imperialism had had little to commend them ("We were objects, not subjects�). In 1967, however, sisal production was nationalised" the first step towards impoverishment.

�Tanzania was the world's premier exporter of sisal; it had huge, very well managed estates. The moment (the Government) took over, sisal collapsed." Five years later, many of the country's coffee farms were seized. The Gibbs, whose farm was spared, decided to take in paying guests. A fortuitous introduction to the anthropologist Mary Leakey on their first night, December 26, 1972, was crucial, Leakey lending them money to buy five bungalows. Farmhands became waiters and porters. "They had no idea what they were letting themselves in for," says Kullander, laughing.

The setting was unrivalled, an astonishing sweep of coffee-planted valleys and hills crowded with eucalyptus and wild banana, with a gentle walk to waterfalls near by. James Stewart and Sally Field were among the many guests.

In 1977 Jim died suddenly. Kullander now had a coffee farm and a small hotel to run alone, and three children. She also had to contend with the Government's antagonism towards Kenya and the closure of the border. Tourists flying from Nairobi now went via the Seychelles and Dar Es Salaam. Tour operators advised them to take loo rolls and light bulbs. "On their last day, our guests handed over what they had left" then we handed them a bar bill. They paid a fortune to come, but those who bothered came because they really wanted to see the Serengeti."

A plea for help on the farm was answered by Per Kullander, an old friend. They married a few years later and today live less than a mile from Gibb's Farm, which Margaret sold last year. She is still seen there frequently, however. She and her older son Malcolm run a safari company, for whose clients Gibb's Farm is an unmissable port of call.

Cazenove & Loyd (020-7384 2332, has a fortnight in northern Tanzania, including two nights at Gibb's Farm, from "3,500pp, flights included. Margaret Kullander's safari company is Amazing Tanzania (

Gibb's Farm: 00 255 27 253 4397,

Extract ID: 5118