Name ID 665
Skinner, Annabel Tanzania & Zanzibar
Page Number: 135e
Extract Date: 1899~
A steady influx of traders and farmers into Arusha in the 19th century, notably Indian traders, private German farmers and immigrant Africans, stimulated economic growth, prompting the German administration to conceive an 'idealistic' vision of a vast white settlement of their own construction. The Germans came up with several schemes to import settlers-from bizarre backgrounds.
The first of these plans back-fired when the Boer farmers of German origin who had taken up the offer of free farmland proved too uncouth for the ideal community; they were mainly squeezed out into Kenya.
The grand scheme was revised: now 10,000 German peasants from settlements around the Volga Basin and Caucasus in southern Russia were to be imported. The four families who arrived as a test project were painfully disappointed to discover that Arusha did not have four harvests a year, as they had been led to believe, and soon made their way to Tanga begging to be sent back to Russia.
Brutal German punitive expeditions followed [the murder of the first two missionaries to settle on Meru in 1896], during the course of which large number of Arusha and Meru were killed, their cattle confiscated, banana groves burnt down and Chagga wives repatriated to Kilimanjaro.
Shortly thereafter the Germans granted huge blocks of land on north Meru to a hundred Afrikaner families newly arrived from South Africa, and they subsequently alienated a solid block of land across the southern slopes
Fosbrooke, Henry Ngorongoro: The Eighth Wonder
Page Number: 028d
Extract Date: 1900~
those who sailed up to Tanga, under the auspices of the German Government and thereafter trekked up to Arusha. On this trek all their cattle died from tsetse and the German Government provided them with teams of Africans to pull the wagons.
Latham, Gwynneth and Latham, Michael Kilimanjaro Tales
Extract Author: Gwynneth Latham
Page Number: 190
Extract Date: 1900~
Many Afrikaners (Dutch Boers) were exciled after the Boer War for refusing to take the oath of allegiance to the British Government in South Africa. By ox-wagon they had trekked up to Tanganyika, then German East Africa, where they were received with open arms by the wily Huns, who gave them land at Arusha.
This was not as a benevolent gesture, but so that they could be used as a buffer against the savage, marauding Masai warriors. They suffered sorely at the time, but after the Germans had tamed the Masai, by force and worse, the exiles were left in peace and found that they had been alloted the most fertile land in the country.
From Arusha and Moshi, with their lovely climates and beautiful permanent streams, came the best coffee, fruit, vegetables, the later mostly grown for their seed which was exported to wholesalers in South Africa.
Fosbrooke, Henry Ngorongoro: The Eighth Wonder
Page Number: 028c
Extract Date: 1900~+
After serving in the Boer War [Fourie], came up to East Africa (after the original voortrekkers) and established himself near Arusha. Took trips to Babati and Kondoa. Stayed in East Africa through World War I, working for the Tanganyika Government in the Veterinary Department.
Spear, Thomas Mountain Farmers, Moral Economies of Land and Agricultural Development in Arusha and Meru
Page Number: 088
Extract Date: 1902
The Arusha boma and township were themselves placed in the midst of one of the most densely settled areas of Arusha, and Mount Meru became one of the few areas in Tanzania where the administration actively promoted European settlement through schemes designed to attract both small- and large-scale farmers. The first was the settlement of one hundred Afrikaner families who had driven their ox wagons north after the Boer War, arriving in Arusha in 1902:
"The men � strong, wide figures with long beards, crushed down hats, serious, but in many ways good-meaning facial features; the women with large bonnets; the children like small farm boys and girls at home; the heavy covered wagons; the beautiful dogs; in short, just as one has seen it so manifold in pictures."
The administration welcomed the Afrikaner pioneers and gave each family 1,000 hectares on the northern slopes of Mount Meru between Oldonyo Sambu and Engare Nanyuki in the hopes that they would develop this semi-arid region on the fringes of Maasailand. They hoped in vain, however. Within a few years many Afrikaners had either moved on to Kenya or returned south, while those that remained preferred to hunt or keep livestock and cultivated only small gardens of vegetables and maize.
Ofcansky, Thomas P and Yeager, Rodger Historical Dictionary of Tanzania
Page Number: 101
Extract Date: 1905
Supported schemes to establish Afrikaner refugees from the South African Boer War and poor Germans from Russia on the foothills of Mount Meru.
Gotzen refused to allow European settlers to buy their farms until the land had been cultivated. He is best remembered for his brutal supression of the Maji-Maji Rebellion. While fighting the rebels, Gotzen implemented a scorched-earth policy in southern GEA which caused the destruction of a region the size of Germany. During this campaign more than 100,000 men, women and children died as a result of famine and disease.
Stott, Chris Personal communication
Extract Author: Chris Stott
Extract Date: 1994
We also [in 1994] talked about a recent Channel 4 programme about a group of Boer Trekers Voortrekkers who pushed north from South Africa at the turn of the century and ended up 'in the shadow of two volcanoes', farming near Mt. Meru. At independence they left and moved to South Africa. The programme established a connection between the community now in South Africa, and their past in Tanzania, and in particular found one lady, a Katrien Odendaal, who had stayed behind and lived with the native Tanzanians. Chris recalled there being a monument beside the road near Namanga, commemorating the presence of the Trekers
Extract Author: Tim Adams
Extract Date: 25 March 2007
He [Rian Malan] went to live up in Kilimanjaro with an old Afrikaans woman who had been abandoned by her 'tribe' for sleeping with a black man before the war, and for the past 40 years had lived in a mud hut on the veldt.
From an article about Rian Malan: "For years, Rian Malan has unflinchingly dared to say the unsayable about his native country, believing murder, corruption and disharmony will tear the rainbow nation into its separate colours. It's a conviction that has cost him his marriage and almost his sanity. Tim Adams travels to Johannesburg to meet the controversial writer"