Tom von Prince

Name ID 957

See also

Map and Guide to Tanzania
Page Number: 06b
Extract Date: 1891

More revolt

They were however about to face more revolts in the interior.

Starting in 1891, Nyamwezi Chief Isike fought the Germans in Tabora region in the Western part of Tanganyika. Defeated in 1892, rather than surrendering, he blew himself up in the armoury of his fort in January 1893.

Trouble flared up north with the Chagga and in central Tanganyika with the Gogo, but two major prolonged wars challenged German rule for years: Mkwawa in southern Hehe land and the famous Maji Maji rebellion which inflamed a quarter of the country for more than a year.

The Germans had occupied Hehe country and following the massacre of a delegation sent by Mkwawa, he retaliated in 1891 by ambushing in Lugalo an armed column headed by Lieutenant von Zeiewski. He seized enough weapons and ammunition to keep up resistance for nearly 3 years during which the Germans prepared their assault: in October 1894 a well-organised expeditionary force under the command of Tom Prince, an English-born German officer, stormed Kalenga, the court town of the Hehe, defeated them and captured the town. Mkwawa escaped and in spite of an enormous reward of 5,000 rupees, he was not betrayed and continued harassing German troops with guerilla actions for 4 years until 1898. Trapped, he shot himself.

The Germans' exultation at this hard-won victory ran so high that they cut off Mkwawa's head which was sent for display to the Bremen Anthropological Museum in Germany, his body being returned to his people for ritual burial. In June 1954 his head was returned and handed over to Mkwawa's grandson. Chief Adam Sapi, who was to become the First Speaker of the independent Tanzania Parliament.

Extract ID: 4024

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: Mike Leach
Extract Date: 1912

Leuedorf - 1912

sent by email June 2002 - "This goes as caption with some photos from 1912 mounted in our hall."

August Leue landed in Bagamoyo in 1885 as part of an expedition under Hermann von Wissmann which included Tom von Prince. As an officer in the Schutztruppe Leue was stationed in Bagamoyo, Dar es Salaam, Kilwa & Tabora. In 1887 he established a post of the German East Africa Company (DOAG) in Dar es Salaam causing a revolt. In 1891 rule was transferred from the DOAG to the German government and Dar es Salaam selected as the seat of administration. A map in the lodge (circa 1910) shows Leue Strasse, now Morogoro Road.

In 1901 Leue retired and in 1905 returned having raised money in Berlin for a settlement on Mount Meru which became known as Leuedorf, now Ngare Sero.

Some two hundred Volga-Deutsch families were settled between Ngongare and Makumira. In 1908 church bells were donated from Bochum to the settlement and these now hang at Nkoaranga Church. The photographs from 1912 show Leue standing in front of his rubber plantation. With him is the farm manager Fritz Hohl�chter later killed in a shooting accident.

During the World War Leuedorf was occupied by British troops but Leue continued to administer the area. In 1920 under the League of Nations Mandate Leuedorf passed to Captain Rydon RN who farmed the estate until 1954.

In 1973 Mike & Gisela Leach converted the farm house and gardens into a small tourist lodge.

Extract ID: 4289

See also

Map and Guide to Tanzania
Page Number: 06c
Extract Date: 1887-1914

Tom von Prince

Tom von Prince (awarded the title 'von' in recognition of his many acts of bravery), had spent his military life fighting all over Tanganyika; against Isike in 1887, Machemba of the Yao in 1890, Sina of Kibosho in 1891, and he waged a gallant war against the Hehe, who, in spite of having nick- named him 'Bwana Sakarani' - the Wild Man - on account of his fierce temper - held him in such esteem that the German Colonial Office exiled him to the Usambaras.

Enrolled in General Lettow von Vorbeck's Army during World War I, he was killed in action in November 1914, leading an assault against British troops in Tanga where he lies buried.

Extract ID: 4025

See also

nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Kilulu Von Prince
Page Number: 2004 09 25

Researching Chief Adam Sapi

To Whom It May Concern:

I'm Tom Von Prince grand daughter and live in California, USA.I would like to get in touch with Chief Adam Sapi and/or any one of his family.Could you help me to make the contact -

Also, I was born in Tanzania in 1929 in Bumbuli and named Kilulu. I am interested to know if there is still a place named that way in Northern Tanzania. And I would like to know if the hospital in Bumbuli is still in existence.

Your response is much appreciated.


Kilulu Von Prince ( I capitalized the von when I became an American citizen)

Last question first - it seems that there is still a Hospital at Bumbuli run by the Lutheran Church. Details on the web at but in case it's not online, here's a quote from that page:

Bumbuli Hospital

Bumbuli Hospital, is one of the 20 ELCT Hospitals, and is governed by NED. It is located in Usambara Mountains, 40 km South east of the District town of Lushoto, in a village called Bumbuli. The only other hospital in Lushoto District is the District Hospital in Lushoto town. The total population in this District is about 400,000 people, considering the fact that there are only two hospitals in the District. Bumbuli hospital is by all means highly needed.

The hospital has a long history, which goes back to as far as 1929 when the old buildings were established. In 1962 - 64 the old hospital buildings were replaced by a 3-floors building with a capacity of 120 beds, three wards, a maternity room, a large operating theatre, and a wing with laboratory, high standard private ward, and administration floor.

The year 2002 is going to be the Hospital's one of historical years. The Hospital underwent several ups and downs in the position of the Doctor In-charge. The year ended by major transformations in both the leadership structure and its personnel.

The formally independent college and its leadership was now united with the hospital leadership to form a single unit with a one head as it appears in the organogram. In this new hospital administrative structure there is the Director of the hospital who is the overall head of both the college (as the Principle) and the hospital (as the Doctor In-charge). The Director is given power to appoint one of the hospitals doctors to be the Academic Officer.

I guess therefore that the place still exists.

Were you born at the hospital, when it was established in 1929? - were your parents perhaps doctors helping to establish it?

I see also that there is a Kilulu Isalnd - Kilulu Island is approx. 100km north of Mombasa, 17 km south of Malindi and approximately 3 km from Club Hotel Watamu Beach.

I wonder if that was how you were named.

As for Chief Adam Sapi - I have no idea at the moment, but I shall do some more searches, and when I visit Tanzania in two weeks time I shall make some more enquiries for you. I shall also look out for more information about your Grandfather. I�m sure there must be more than the brief mentions here

Do please let me know if you have other information about him and about Tanzania which you can share with me, and which you would be happy for me to put on the web site for the benefit of those interested.

I�m sure there are many more people now wanting to learn about the early history of Tanzania/Tanganyika/GEA.

Thanks again for your email


Extract ID: 4869

See also

nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Glynn Ford
Page Number: 2009 03 08
Extract Date: 08-Mar-2009

Tom Von Prince

There is a message from Kilulu Von Prince, ref Page 2004 09 25 Extract ID 4869. Is it possible to either obtain her email address or get a message to her, it is in relation to a Massowia Von Prince who is also a descendant of Tom Von Prince, Massowia was a student at Kongwa School at the same time as I was.

Glynn Ford

Extract ID: 5978