Arusha: Clock Tower

Name ID 1113

See also

Fosbrooke, Henry Arusha Integrated Regional Development Plan
Page Number: 28
Extract Date: 1900

Arusha origins

Paper III. Urban Development & the Growth of Communications

The only significant urban development in the region is Arusha Town, the building of which commenced at the turn of the century. A site was chosen by the Germans in the middle of a thickly populated and cultivated area, and the local inhabitants were moved out. The first headquarters, doubtless of a temporary construction, was on the site of the Clock Tower. Then the building of the Boma commenced; one Arusha elder reminisced:- "when employed on this construction work, six of us were called out to climb a very tall tree and cut the upper branches. We climbed with the aid of a locally made rope such as we used for honey hunting. The Nubu askari pulled the rope away whilst we were up the tree with a saw. Meanwhile another party was cutting the trunk of the tree with a saw. Whilst we were still up the tree, it started to fall. There was nothing we could do as the rope had been removed. We all came down with a crash. Of the six of us three were killed on the spot and three escaped: luckily we survivors were no more than bruised and scratched.".

The Boma was completed and formed the nucleus of the new town and of which one or two of the original German staff quarters remain, one in the hospital compound, another in the A.I.C.C. grounds. But the main staff area was to the east of the Themi [Temi] River, where the houses of the Regional Commissioner replaced the old German structure in the post World War II period. The German gaol was only recently demolished to make way for the E.A. Community Building.

Extract ID: 3231

See also

Fosbrooke, Henry Arusha Integrated Regional Development Plan
Page Number: 7b
Extract Date: 1900-1916

The first commercial area

Paper III. Urban Development & the Growth of Communications

The first commercial area lay between the Boma and the Clock Tower, with a hotel on the site of the present New Arusha Hotel. Commencing with single storey thatched roof duks, some double storey iron roofed buildings went up in German times and were only demolished in the post war period.

Extract ID: 3232

See also

nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Helen Grazier (nee Goode)
Page Number: 2004 06 11
Extract Date: 1950's

Helen Goode - Arusha School - 1950's

I�ve just come across your site with so much interesting information on Arusha School. I was a former pupil there in the mid 1950's, but my paternal Grandmother Gertrude Goode was matron at the school for 8 years in the 1930/40's. I have a few photos of that era if you are interested.

My Grandfather Robert (Bob) Goode was an architect/builder who is responsible for a number of churches & buildings including the Arusha clock tower.

Congratulations on producing such a wonderful site which holds so many memories for so many people.


Helen Grazier (nee Goode)


Forgive me, I failed to reply to your email when it arrived - I was in fact away, visiting Arusha - and I must have missed it completely. Now I�m trying to catch up on my nTZ web site stuff, before another trip back to Arusha.

I�m most interested in your information about your Grandfather who designed the Clock Tower. I�ve been trying for ages to find out when it was built, and why, and who paid for it, and, of course who designed it.

SO far I gather it was just after WW2, and donated by a "Greek".

Do you have any more information you could share with me, and the web site about the Clock Tower specifically, but also would be fascinated to hear more about other buildings your Grandfather designed.

What were your parents doing, that you were at Arusha School in the 50's - and where are you now?

I also was at the school at the same time 53-57 (my father was rector at Christ Church), but I�m sorry that I don�t remember your name - I�m not sure that I could remember many names.

I have two Arusha School Magazines Feb 56, and March 57, and I see no mention of any Goodes - the names listed are either magazine contributors or prize winners of various types. I did see an poem in memory of "Cloudy" - Sister Gertrude Cloudsdale, Senior Matron 1945-49. Maybe all matrons were called Gertrude!

Thanks for your email, and again forgive me for taking too long to reply

It was a pleasant surprise to hear from you, as I must admit I thought maybe my email had gone into a "black hole". Unfortunately, I haven't too many details about my Grandfather and there's no-one alive for me to call on for help. What I do have are a magazine article in 1960 written about my grandparents on their golden wedding anniversary, and the script of a speech my grandmother gave in 1969.

In the magazine (Looking Glass) it describes their life when they moved to Moshi in 1929 from Eldoret & prior to 1923 they were in India. Gertrude Goode became the town baker in Moshi, and

"in these pre-war years Mr Goode, as architect or builder and contractor was responsible for such well-known buildings as the Dodoma Cathedral, the Arusha Church and the old Coffee Tree Inn (which became the New Ridgeway Hotel)."

"When the Arusha School first opened in 1937, Mrs Goode was asked to give a hand for two or three days. Those few days lasted 8 years, where as matron of the school she was responsible for the well-being of the children."

The photos I have are of the staff, dining room and pupils and are dated 1939.

In my grandmother's speech she says:

"My husband, a military Engineer was filling in a great want, designing, building etc. The Australian Church Missionary Society had their headquarters in Dodoma about 2 days by train away. The Bishop asked my husband to design a cathedral in 6 days! To cut a long story short, he did it, staying up late at night. I washed the blue prints in the bathroom outside and finished the morning the train was leaving, and helped to carry the copy out full to dry! Dodoma cathedral is beautiful, a smaller copy was built in Arusha."

"My husband built the first Church of Scotland Church in Moshi, which was part of the Minister's house, as Moshi was so poor that the Minister had to give up his dining and drawing room to serve as a church. The furniture was made by young Africans taught by my husband. A new church and vicarage was built some 11 or more years later, and the first one now serves as a hall for visiting missionaries."

It seems that my grandfather did most of his work during the 1930's (he was born in 1881), so I think it would have been around the same time that he did the Arusha Clock Tower. I know he also designed and built the Chapel of St John the Divine in Moshi as my parents were married there in 1945.

My father David Goode was 18 yrs old when the family moved from India. He had a variety of jobs including a Beacon Inspector in the Lupa Goldfields, but after WW2 he joined the Agricultural Department where he remained until we left for England in 1960 (my mother came from UK). Both my brother Michael and I were born in Bukoba, but the family moved every 3 years or so due to my father's job. Michael and I went to Mbeya, Arusha and St Michael's & St George's in Iringa.

I emigrated to Perth, Western Australia in 1970 and my parents (who have both since died) followed me in 1983. My brother remains in UK.

My memory for names is atrocious, and trying to remember those from so many years ago is almost impossible for me. The only claim to fame I have from Arusha is that I won a scholarship to attend Iringa and I was considered a promising violinist!!

I'm sorry I can't be more specific about the Clock Tower. I visited Arusha while on a camping holiday in 1989 and was thrilled to see that it still holds pride of place in the town.



Extract ID: 4831

See also

nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: George Kechris
Page Number: 2008 03 06

Galanos clock tower of Arusha

Yes , the clock tower was built by Galanos , a greek millioner who came in tanganyika at early years of the 20th century . He was from a mountainous greek village and came here as a poor young boy . He also built the Saint Constantine School for greek pupils . In this school found hospitality hundreds of greek children in the 50s and 60s , between them and I.

SOURCE: Book 'greek of diaspora - tanganyika ' of Tsontos ,a Cypriot author resident of Tanganyika - published in 1953.

Extract ID: 5597

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: David Read
Extract Date: 1945~

Arusha Clock Tower

lunch in Arusha, Oct 2003

David said that the Clock Tower was built by a wealthy Greek man just after WWII.

Recalled his name as Galanos, the same man that contributed the building in Dar es Salaam.

He had a relation who was shot in the Safari House Hotel (newly built by another Greek) after a dispute thought to be involving money.

Extract ID: 4575

See also

Personal Communication
Extract Author: MK
Extract Date: 1945~

Arusha Clock Tower

Think that the Arusha Clock Tower was built by a man called Galanos.

She also mentioned a man called Anatogolou, who donated the Parliament Hall in Dar es Salaam.

One of them had a daughter called Alma, and MK went to school with her. The father (either Galanos or Anatogolou) also owned sisal estates in Morogoro, Lindi and possibly Dar. Maybe also lived in the Usumbara Mountains.

Extract ID: 4574

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 04
Extract Date: 1953~

Extract ID: 4269

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 05
Extract Date: 1953~

Extract ID: 4270

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 06
Extract Date: 1953~

Extract ID: 4271

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 07
Extract Date: 1953~

Extract ID: 4272

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 08
Extract Date: 1953~

Extract ID: 4273

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 09
Extract Date: 1953~

Extract ID: 4274

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 10
Extract Date: 1953~

Extract ID: 4275

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 11
Extract Date: 1953~

Extract ID: 4276

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 12
Extract Date: 1953~

Extract ID: 4277

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 01
Extract Date: June 1953

Extract ID: 4266

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 02
Extract Date: June 1953

Extract ID: 4267

See also

Marsh, R.J. Photos of Arusha Clock Tower
Page Number: 03
Extract Date: June 1953

Extract ID: 4268

See also

Hawks, Howard (Director) Hatari
Page Number: Chapter 17 - 11
Extract Date: 1962

Extract ID: 4649

See also

Arusha Times
Page Number: 7
Extract Date: 2000 April 29

Arusha Urbanisation

The general urbanization structure in Arusha is very European, explains Jan. The town grew around the Boma, being the first building, during the German's time. The British developed the town from this area. The first road was from the Clock Tower to the Fire Station (School Road). The second road was Sokoine Road along which the new city developed. Studying the map of the town, it is obvious how all streets lead down to Sokoine Road from both sides of it. It appears that the streets were planned first and the buildings constructed later. 'It is a good example of what a new city should be.'

Jan Mannaert is currently working as a volunteer with the Natural History Museum on a project to promote Cultural Exchange through the establishment of a Via Vias Cafe, which will be a meeting place for tourists as well as local people. The Cafe is due to open sometime next year.

Extract ID: 4284

See also

Arusha Times
Extract Author: Charles Ngereza
Extract Date: 2000 July 1

Street children wreck havoc in Arusha's streets

Street children who are frequently found in various streets in the municipality especially at the Clock Tower, New Safari hotel and KLM offices have become a menace and are accused of stealing and mugging visitors who come to Arusha as tourists and other purposes.

This menace was clearly evident recently when the street children stole a laptop computer from one Carlos Gonzalez, a Spanish tourist who was buying beads near the Clock Tower area.

After snatching the computer, the children ran towards Themi River where they disappeared. The tourist further said that apart from the computer, these young thieves also stole from him US dollars 500.

Mr. Gonzalez has appealed to the police force to assist him so that he can recover his computer which has a lot of records pertaining to his work.

Investigations have revealed that these street children mainly target foreigners.

Thefts from foreigners are prevalent in Arusha municipality especially near the Clock Tower and along Sokoine Road. When contacted taxidrivers who operates at the Clock Tower area said these children have become hard core criminals. They further said that the children have collaborators who receive the stolen goods in exchange for cash. Their collabroators are main flycatchers, the unofficial tourist guides.

Extract ID: 1511

external link

See also

Arusha Times
Extract Author: lute wa lutengano
Extract Date: 7 March 2001

That Lonely Bulb

The lonely naked bulb along Old Moshi road was switched on again this week. It must have felt very insecure because the other bulbs, which used to hang precariously along that road, are long gone. Only some loose electric wires can bee seen hanging loose in their place.

Initially I was surprised to see the lonely bulb, just next to Dr. Andrew's Hospital, struggling to outshine the noon sun. There must be a reason, I reasoned. No street light is ever switched on unless there are visitors to Arusha. It was then that I remembered that a number of heads of state from several African countries were in Arusha for the Burundi peace talks.

It seems that the authorities that may be are worried about the eyesight of VIPs visiting Arusha that they resort to switching on the street lights even during the day to improve light in the

municipality. I am tired of reminding them we all need light in our dangerous streets and we need it at night not during the day.

Still on the same topic, that stretch between New Arusha Hotel and Roasters Garden is increasingly becoming dangerous. Several people have been mugged during the night and sometimes during the day by thugs who hide under the bridge. I am sure the police do not need some imported ingenuity to nab the thugs who have turned the place into their heaven. Funny that there are no street lights on that patch of road.

I note with encouragement that serious work has begun on the roundabout near New Arusha Hotel. A new signpost showing directions to various parts of the world is in place and a new clock seems to be in the pipeline. The Clock Tower will now have a clock. Let us wait and see.

The same is not the case with the roundabout near the famous Barracuda pub. A few weeks ago I used to see a mzungu lady supervising the improvement on that place. She was quite enthusiastic and she could be seen there even when it was raining cats and dogs. I wonder what has become of her. She has suddenly vanished and the place has been left with logs lying around and it is in a mess. I am sure that is not an avant garde artistic presentation of nature.

The stretch of garden in front of the Regional Commissioner's office is still wanting. The flowerbeds are in shambles and the grass in unkempt. It is interesting to know that the eyes of the Regional Commissioner and those of his Regional Administrative Officer never fail to see that patch of garden. I would love know what they think of the place.

Nothing yet has been done by the authorities at the imposing Uhuru Torch monument near the stadium. I hope we may in the near future see some development on that site.

One development, which I have slowly come to notice, is the greening of Arusha. Actually it took a friend of mine from Dar es Salaam to wake me up to this fact. Slowly Arusha valleys and roadsides are turning into beautiful green forests. This can visibly be noticed along the Nairobi road and the river valleys passing through the town.

The same, however, is not the case with places like Makao Mapya, Kaloleni and some parts of Ngarenaro. Are there no local leaders in the name of ward councilors and ward executives who can initiate a similar development in the suburbs mentioned? Let us take action and make Arusha even greener.

Lastly it is about that Njiro road. Oh sorry! I already wrote in detail about that horrible road. Thank you!

Extract ID: 3112

See also

The East African
Extract Author: Alfred Ngotezi Dar es Salaam
Extract Date: 2000 Oct 5

The Day Clinton Went Shopping in Arusha

The East African (Nairobi) via

World statesmen who have been hosted by the Arusha Cultural Heritage Centre include King Harold and Queen Sonja of Norway and their daughter Princess Martha Louise as well as South African President Thabo Mbeki and his wife.

Saifuddin Khanbhai, a jovial 34-year-old Tanzanian, has reason to feel on top of the world. On August 28, he became one of the few people in the world to host, albeit briefly, a reigning US president.

Khanbhai got the rare opportunity when American President William Jefferson Clinton paid a short visit to Arusha in Tanzania to witness the signing of a peace accord between Burundi's warring factions.

There was no confirmation of the planned presidential visit, ostensibly for security reasons, until a few minutes to 10 pm, Khanbhai recalls. All that evening, he was pacing up and down the lawns of his cultural centre. If the Burundi peace negotiations had not dragged on until late at night, Khanbhai says, perhaps Clinton would have arrived 'at a more conventional hour.' The American president personally held unscheduled lengthy talks with the Burundi belligerents.

Clinton's extended participation in the talks resulted in a rescheduling of his earlier programme, including a planned 15-minute private shopping session at Khanbhai's curio shop: the Cultural Heritage Centre on Arusha's Nairobi Road.

But to the delight of the young businessman, their friendly encounter lasted a full one hour and fifteen minutes as Khanbhai guided the president and his daughter around the cultural and entertainment sections of his centre.

As soon as Clinton arrived at the centre, Khanbhai presented him with a spear and a shield, the Maasai way of welcoming a respected leader.

The short traditional ceremony was performed in front of one of the tribal huts erected in the sprawling compound of the cultural centre. It was an amusing ceremony, Khanbhai recounts.

'But as warned earlier by security agents, we did not present the president with the spear, but only gave him a shield and gestured to the distant spear,' he says. But a jovial Clinton would not have it that way.

Grabbing the spear, he jokingly threatened his staff, saying, 'I'm the most dangerous person around now,' Khanbhai recalls.

From that moment onward, however, Clinton's itinerary became a private shopping visit, which saw the president and his daughter Chelsea visit every corner of the expansive centre. What impressed him most, says Khanbhai, is the fact that Clinton would stop from time to time to ask searching questions about the ways and values of different ethnic communities in Tanzania.

The American president was so moved by the cultural presentations, the proprietor says, that at one point he could not wait any longer: he joined in a traditional dance.

But where were the American security 'heavies' who had taken Arusha by storm with their sniffer dogs, one may ask. Khanbhai says the centre was swarming with security agents, but they were 'friendly and wanted to make the best of the occasion for us all.'

Indeed, Clinton went to the curio shop unaccompanied by local officials, in a deliberate relaxing of security measures to allow him some freedom to interact with people.

Clinton pulled quite a few surprises during the visit. For example, while earlier on at the Arusha International Conference Centre (AICC), he had not been allowed by his assistants to take a local drink, instead quenching his thirst with a special canned Coke from Airforce One, he readily sipped a glass of fresh juice offered by Khanbhai.

The American president bought art and craft items worth about $1,400 and was given some more as gifts by the Khanbhai family. He promised to display them for a week at a prominent spot in the White House and said that as soon as he moved out of the White House next year, he would be looking for more souvenirs and would contact Khanbhai.

Clinton's visit to the Cultural Centre was missed by the local press and remains a mystery even to the host. 'I certainly would not have dreamt of inviting him,' he says.

Khanbhai says although US First Lady Hillary Clinton and her daughter Chelsea have visited Arusha before, they did not visit the Cultural Centre. Former US Foreign Secretary James Baker visited the centre twice while on a private hunting safari.

Other world statesmen who have been hosted by Khanbhai include King Harold and Queen Sonja of Norway and their daughter Princess Martha Louise as well as South African President Thabo Mbeki and his wife.

What attracts world leaders to the Arusha Cultural Heritage Centre?

Most visitors interested in Tanzania's cultural heritage will look for a place where the past and present of the country's 120-plus tribes can be viewed in a single compound. Khanbhai's project is a clear manifestation of the need for tourism investors in the country to be creative. Beginning with the nearby Maasai and other tribes close to Arusha town in northern Tanzania, he has set out to extend his coverage to other ethnic groups in the country.

The soft-spoken proprietor is also launching an e-commerce enterprise. Customers from all over the world will be able to place orders online for various works of art.

Apart from displaying and storing Tanzania's cultural heritage, the curio shop sells carvings, gemstones, artefacts, clothing and books. The business employs 68 people.

Khanbhai was born in 1966 in Muheza, in the northeastern region of Tanga. He went to school in Tanga and Arusha before going for his A- level education in England. Despite being selected to pursue medicine, he was attracted to the arts and returned home to pursue his studies.

Khanbhai, a Tanzanian of Asian origin, says his immediate business partner is his wife of 11 years, Zahra. Starting with a small store near Clock Tower in Arusha, Khanbhai expanded and opened several other stores around the town. Construction on the Cultural Centre began in 1990, a task that took him four years.

The Clock Tower in Arusha, incidentally, at the halfway point between Cape Town and Cairo.

On the future of tourism in Tanzania, Khanbhai says the industry has a lot of potential but that institutional red tape is stifling its growth.

Khanbhai is critical of the policy of imposing Value Added Tax (VAT) on works of art, proposing that such payments made by tourists should be refunded at the time of departure. He indeed goes on to suggest that the tax be waived altogether.

It may not be a bad idea, after all, for the establishment to listen to a young businessman who has just had the rare honour of hosting the most powerful president in the world.

Extract ID: 1534

See also

The starting point for the new face of Arusha
Page Number: 2
Extract Date: 2002

Discover Arusha Tours

Boyes" description of the Boma 100 years ago is clearly over the top. But ironically, this whitewashed German fort, rehabilitated 1999 with Belgian aid, at the top of Boma road leading to the Clock Tower, is today becoming the starting point for the new face of Arusha. It is used as a centre for art and craft exhibitions, music festivals and drama.

Jan Mannaert, a Belgian former art history teacher, has responded to the town's perpetual transition by establishing "Discover Arusha Tours" (tel: 0744 - 395430). These worthwhile tours begin at the Boma, the first stone building in the town.

Mannaert then takes the visitors to the roof of the New Safari Hotel where on a clear day they can see the town and Mount Meru. Then they are told the history of the Clock Tower. Religious temples and churches, historical buildings, the railway station, the Uhuru (freedom) and Askari (soldier)monuments, and the cemetery are all included.

The Boma houses a Belgian-run caf" called Via Via which serves soft drinks and meals. Inside the Boma there is also a museum. This is sadly empty at present, while staff vehicles parked on the forecourt leave ugly oil stains on the elegant brickwork, destroying the historic atmosphere.

Below the Boma are the town administration offices on the left and the Regional Administration on the right. Before the Clock Tower are airline offices (including Air Tanzania), two other meeting places (Caf" bamboo and Jambo Coffee house), Kase Bookshop, the Tanzanian Tourist Board, tour operators and curio shops.

On the way down Boma Road on the right hand side is the New Safari Hotel and just beyond the Clock Tower to the left is the New Arusha Hotel. Both have deteriorated badly. The New Safari Hotel has been taken over by the Lutheran Church, and the once world famous copper bar is now closed in conformity with temperance. The New Arusha Hotel is badly in need of refurbishment.

To the right of the Clock Tower on Uhuru Road there are women selling Maasai beads on the pavement. Also on Uhuru Road is Lookmanji Curio Shop which, along with The Craft Shop on adjoining Goliondoi Road, is recommended. If you are looking for something authentic from the area, there are Maasai bead ornaments and local batik.

Extract ID: 3432