Arusha Museum of Natural History

Name ID 1329

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Skinner, Annabel Tanzania & Zanzibar
Page Number: 135d
Extract Date: 1899

Construction of the boma

In 1899 the Germans began construction of a strong fortification, a boma, which they forced the Arusha to build. Maasai in Arusha still remember the humiliation of this task:the new colonists took pleasure in riding around on the backs of the Arusha and Maasai men, egging them on with whips. One Maasai recorded the growing resentment at this form of transport in his memoirs. He was particularly enraged by an unusually heavy cargo; passing the river with his charge set heavily across his back, his patience snapped and he tossed his 'master' into the water. Fearing the consequences, many Maasai went into hiding in the bush, until a Maasai chief was sent to find them.The chief explained to the mutinous group that he was acting as a mediator, and that if the group returned to work all would be forgiven.The runaways marched back into the new town in a column of about 400 men; as they strode down Boma Road, the entire troop was gunned down in the street - one of history's many warnings never to trust a 'safe conduct'. It is said that the 'mediator' was promptly promoted.The bloodstained fort was completed in 1900 and became a barracks for 150 Nubian soldiers, later being made the regional government offices until 1934. when it was turned into the Arusha Museum of Natural History.

Extract ID: 3543

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Marsh, David Photos of Arusha
Page Number: 12
Extract Date: August 1994

Extract ID: 4070

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Arusha Times
Extract Author: Charlotte Hill O�Neal
Extract Date: 2000 May 31

The Art of Looking

The following is a continuation of a series of articles in the ARUSHA TIMES that profile members of WSAT, Wanawake waSanii wa Arusha, Tanzania, a community based women's art group.

As I strolled through the History of Arusha exhibition that was held a few weeks ago at the Arusha Natural History Museum, I found myself drawn time and time again to the color photos that were interspersed among the many faded black and white shots of the Arusha landscape and people of more than fifty years ago. I found myself standing in front of one of the photos, smiling as though I too, was inside that expertly captured moment. The image was of children enjoying the mechanical swings at an Arusha carnival, their eyes squinted to mere slits of excitement; their mouths wide open with shouts of joy and the sheer exhilaration of that unique experience.

rest of the item is about photography

Extract ID: 1503

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Arusha Times
Extract Author: Staff Writer
Page Number: No. 00248
Extract Date: Nov 30, 2002

Museum to host Hugo Van Lawick exhibitions

Special picture exhibitions and film shows in honour of the late Baron Hugo van Lawick will be held at the Arusha National Natural Historical Museum as from the 10th of December this year.

Organized by Baron's own brother, Godi van Lawick in conjunction with the National Museum, the exhibitions will go on to January next year before shifting venues to Dar es Salaam.

Baron, who died last June aged 65 years is still remembered as one of the most famous Tanzanian tourism potential in the field of wildlife.

The late Hugo van Lawick, with his wife Jane Goodall, together produced some of the most eye-catching wildlife films of all time including: "The People of the Forest" which was also dubbed in Kiswahili under the title: "Watu wa Msituni!"

Other Hugo and Goodall productions are the classic "Among the Wild Chimpanzees" and "The Baboons of Gombe!"

Hugo also produced: "Wings Over Serengeti", "Born to Run", "Climbing Kilimanjaro", "Serengeti My Backyard", "The Serengeti Sympathy (Walt Disney Pictures)" and "The Leopard Son!"

All his films based on tales of passion, love social integration, hunting, child-care and defense tactics among wild animals, will be shown at the museum event this month.

Also to be displayed will be hundreds of photographs taken by the late Hugo during his wildlife adventures and escapades.

Apart from being a film producer and expert photographer, Baron Hugo also wrote three books: The Bush Baby, Grub, and Innocent Killers, with his wife Jane and later wrote Savage Paradise, Solo Sand Rivers, Among Predators, Prey and Last Days in Eden.

The President of Tanzania, Benjamin William Mkapa bestowed the late Baron Hugo with a "Presidential Award" for his outstanding contribution to the nation.

However, Hugo also won The Brudgord Washburn Award of the Museum of Sciences - Boston (USA) and the "L�Ordre Du Meite" of the Republic of Senegal.

His full biography will appear in the next issue of the Arusha Times.

Extract ID: 3625

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Coughlin, Kevin Were two species of early man really one?
Extract Author: Kevin Coughlin
Page Number: c
Extract Date: February 21, 2003

Were two species of early man really one?

Star-Ledger Staff

His team uncovered stone tools and bones of gazelles, goats and extinct horses that, in some cases, showed signs of being sliced or hammered.

The jaw was discovered beneath a slope by Augustino Venance, a Tanzanian, and former Rutgers graduate student Amy Cushing.

Tagged OH65, the fossil awaits further study at the National Museums of Tanzania in Arusha.

Based on the fairly good condition of the jaw's 16 teeth, researchers believe the specimen came from an adult in the prime of life.

A "banding" condition of the enamel suggests growth disruptions, perhaps from disease or seasonal food shortages, said Blumenschine.

It took almost eight years to publish the discovery, partly because scientists wanted to be certain of the fossil's age. They used three methods.

Rutgers graduate student Lindsay McHenry applied geological "fingerprinting," comparing volcanic rock at the discovery site with grains already dated elsewhere at Olduvai Gorge.

Scientists with mass spectrometers estimated age based on known decay rates of radioactive isotopes, found in volcanic ash and glass at the site. The technique is accurate within 10,000 years, said Swisher.

Finally, Swisher used a magnetometer to determine the alignment of small magnetic grains within rocks at the excavation site.

Blumenschine, 48, grew up watching Marlin Perkins' "Wild Kingdom" and reading about the Leakeys. He has spent summers at Olduvai Gorge since 1989. His forte is prehistoric tools and their uses for preparing food.

Controversy aside, Blumenschine said he considers his work an antidote to modern strife.

"Here we have something from the very remote past, an ancestor of everybody on the planet," he said. "It helps us to better understand what humans are all about."

Extract ID: 3942