Name ID 2531
Miller, Charles Battle for the Bundu: The First World War in East Africa
Page Number: 330
Extract Date: 1953
ON A SPARKLING blue-gold-green tropical morning in 1953, the Union Castle liner Rhodesia Castle steamed into the harbor of Dar es Salaam on her regular run between Europe and Capetown. Among the passengers on the upper deck was von Lettow. He was paying his first visit to the old battleground in nearly four decades, and he saw at once that the torpidly busy East African seaport had undergone little outward change in his long absence. Apart from a few new steamer berths and commercial buildings- and, of course, the Union Jacks which flew from rooftops in the capital of the British territory of Tanganyika-the place looked much the same. The coco palms and casuarinas on the shorefront seemed never to have stopped their contented sighing in the Indian Ocean breezes. The tiny, lateen-rigged coastal dhows called jahazis, with their ancient cargoes of mangrove poles and simsim, came and went as they always had, lurching with awkward grace over the harbor's short chop. One of the first things that caught von Lettow's eye was the spire of the Lutheran Church that his countrymen had built when the colony was still theirs. And he probably smiled to himself when Rhodesia Castle changed course in the channel to avoid the wreckage of a sunken floating dock; a German naval officer under his command had scuttled that dock to discourage Admiral King-Hall's cruisers at the start of the East African campaign. It was almost as if a time machine had carried von Lettow back to 1914.
But he was not likely to be deluded by surface appearances. Once a German and now a British colonial capital, Dar es Salaam would soon be neither. The Second World War had left in its wake a ferment of nationalism that bubbled with angry vigor in all the hot countries of the world that were still ruled by white men from harsher climates. Britain had already handed over India. The Dutch had been ousted unceremoniously from their Indonesian islands. France was about to get the same treatment in Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. And Africa had to be next. Harold Macmillan had not yet coined the expression "the wind of change," but the wind was blowing. Like any thinking man of the 1950s, von Lettow could hardly have failed to feel it.
Nelson, Christopher Photos of Arusha
Extract Date: 1955
Nelson, Christopher Photos of Arusha
Extract Date: 1955
Nelson, Christopher Photos of Arusha
Extract Date: 1955
the "Mother Church" in central Meru.
Caroline Nelson talking with Joeli Maeda, Middle School headmaster.
Nelson, Christopher Photos of Arusha
Extract Date: 1955
Caroline Nelson with Lorraine with church sewing ladies.
When the Nelson family first came to Meu, Horace Mason helped connect my mother with social development work. Mason was the government social development officer.
Nelson, Christopher Photos of Arusha
Extract Date: 1960
At Akeri Lutheran Church as it appeared in 1960.
Martyred by WaMeru ~ Karl Segebrock and Ewald Ovir 1896
The starting point for the new face of Arusha
Page Number: 2
Extract Date: 2002
Boyes’ description of the Boma 100 years ago is clearly over the top. But ironically, this whitewashed German fort, rehabilitated 1999 with Belgian aid, at the top of Boma road leading to the Clock Tower, is today becoming the starting point for the new face of Arusha. It is used as a centre for art and craft exhibitions, music festivals and drama.
Jan Mannaert, a Belgian former art history teacher, has responded to the town’s perpetual transition by establishing "Discover Arusha Tours" (tel: 0744 - 395430). These worthwhile tours begin at the Boma, the first stone building in the town.
Mannaert then takes the visitors to the roof of the New Safari Hotel where on a clear day they can see the town and Mount Meru. Then they are told the history of the Clock Tower. Religious temples and churches, historical buildings, the railway station, the Uhuru (freedom) and Askari (soldier)monuments, and the cemetery are all included.
The Boma houses a Belgian-run café called Via Via which serves soft drinks and meals. Inside the Boma there is also a museum. This is sadly empty at present, while staff vehicles parked on the forecourt leave ugly oil stains on the elegant brickwork, destroying the historic atmosphere.
Below the Boma are the town administration offices on the left and the Regional Administration on the right. Before the Clock Tower are airline offices (including Air Tanzania), two other meeting places (Café bamboo and Jambo Coffee house), Kase Bookshop, the Tanzanian Tourist Board, tour operators and curio shops.
On the way down Boma Road on the right hand side is the New Safari Hotel and just beyond the Clock Tower to the left is the New Arusha Hotel. Both have deteriorated badly. The New Safari Hotel has been taken over by the Lutheran Church, and the once world famous copper bar is now closed in conformity with temperance. The New Arusha Hotel is badly in need of refurbishment.
To the right of the Clock Tower on Uhuru Road there are women selling Maasai beads on the pavement. Also on Uhuru Road is Lookmanji Curio Shop which, along with The Craft Shop on adjoining Goliondoi Road, is recommended. If you are looking for something authentic from the area, there are Maasai bead ornaments and local batik.
Extract Author: Staff writer
Extract Date: Sep 14 2002
The Prime Minister, Honourable Frederick T. Sumaye will on Sunday, September 15th attend a memorial service at Ilboru Secondary School in Arusha for a former headmaster of the school, the late Stewart Carlson who left a Will that his ashes should be buried at the school’s compound.
The memorial service will be conducted at the same time as the burial of the ashes of the late Carlson who served the school in various capacities between 1952 and 1970. Carlson died in Nebraska, USA on January 14, 2001 at the age of 82. He left a Will that among other things stated that after cremation his ashes should be buried at the Ilboru secondary school’s compound.
The late Carlson, born on January 19, 1919 in Sweden and moved with his parents to USA at an early age, became a member of staff of Ilboru secondary school in 1950 and the school’s headmaster from 1952 to 1960. Thereafter he served as the school’s second master.
The late Carlson, the longest serving headmaster and teacher at the school, had also a reputation of being an ardent enforcer of discipline and a dedicated biology teacher. At times he conducted biology classes from Form One to Form Six. Among his former students is Honourable Frederick T. Sumaye.
When he returned to the United States, he joined the Lutheran Church in Scottsbluff, Nebraska where he served in the congregation as an assistant to the pastor until he retired. After his retirement he continued teaching an adult Bible class in his congregation.
The late Carlson was dedicated to Ilboru school and the people living around it and that is why he left a Will that his ashes should be buried at the school.
A representative of the late Carlson’s family arrived in Arusha with the ashes in July last year and after discussions with a committee of former Ilborians including Dr. Anza Amen Lema, also former headmaster of the school, it was proposed to bury the ashes at a location where the late Carlson nurtured plants for his botany classes and plant a tree on the spot to commemorate him.
The late Carlson left a widow, six children and 12 grand children. His wife Marilyn Carlson accompanied him during his stay at Ilboru and four out of his six children were born in Arusha.
Ilboru Lutheran Secondary School was opened in 1946 and was managed by the Lutheran Church until1969 when it became a government school.
Ulyate Family Personal Communications
Extract Author: Bob Walker
Page Number: 504f
In 1938 Grandfather Ray Ulyate bought the Coffee Tree Inn in Moshi and renamed it 'The Lion Cub'. My parents who were part owners were to manage the hotel during the war. It was sold in the early 50,s and renamed the Ridgeway Hotel. Today it is owned by the Lutheran Church and on the main was exactly as I remembered it. My mother was to do extensive alterations to the property when the family had it including setting up extensive gardens. During the war years it was watering hole for the local troops and those troops in transit from Southern Africa.
We had two African Grey parrots in the bar that were very adapt at picking up soldiers choice profound vernacular.
It is sad to note that on completion of the Stirling Astaldi road between Moshi and Arusha which was laid two to three kilometers south of the old orginal road. The Lion Cub was to suffer from lack of clients which forced its sale closure. It never ever recovered its previous trade especially after the construction and opening of the Livingstone Hotel in Moshi.
Extract Author: Thomas Ratsim
Page Number: 314
Extract Date: 3 April 2004
Speaking on the marking of the 100-year anniversary of evangelism the Bishop, in his Diocese said celebration of the jubilee would reach its climax on August 15 this year. He said the epoch would be marked by the laying of stones and inauguration of spiritual and social services projects as well as spiritual crusades to be conducted all over the diocese. He mentioned some of those as the laying stone of the proposed Arusha Lutheran Medical Centre and water project at Ketumbeine.
During the celebrations of the centennial, the diocese would invite guests within and outside the country. Some of them are from missions in Germany with partnership with the diocese, and Northern Illinois Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Operation Bootstrap and Lutheran Partners in Global Ministry.
"Jubilee is not only marking the 100 years, but is also the time for being grateful to God for all the achievements," insisted Bishop Laiser.
The launching ceremony was attended by Government and church leaders from Pare, Northern, Meru and Mbulu Dioceses of ELCT.
The Diocese in Arusha Region which operates in the administrative regions of Arusha and Manyara has more than 334,000 followers and also works in parts of the Morogoro, Singida and Tanga regions.
Missionary Arno Krause from Leipzig Mission established the cradle of evangelism of the diocese at the mission station in Ilboru in 1904 and thereafter 30,000 burnt bricks were ferried to the present location of the Cathedral in order to build a church. The first follower was christened in 1907 while the first Pastor Lazaro Laizer was ordained in 1934.
Page Number: 321
Extract Date: 23 May 2004
The newly opened New Safari Hotel along Boma Road is a welcome addition to modern facilities catering for visitors to Arusha. The hotel, one of the oldest in the country and with a rich history, even in the film making industry, has been refurbished by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania in Tanzania (ELCT) which recently acquired its ownership.
Extract Author: Valentine Marc Nkwame
Page Number: 334
Extract Date: 21 Aug 2004
The Arusha Diocese for the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania (ELCT) has published a booklet which covers the 100 years of the Diocese since the first Missionaries set foot in the Ilboru area where it was initially established.
Printed by the Moshi Lutheran Printing Press, in Kilimanjaro, the red covered, 68-page book, consists of twenty chapters from Bishop Thomas Laizer’s prologue, to the current mission work in the Diocese.
It covers a partly detailed history of the first delegation of Missionaries from Leipzig, Germany who reportedly arrived on the slopes of Mount Meru in 1902, where Hermann Albert Fokken and his building expert, Karl Luckin established the maiden Lutheran Centre in the Waarusha community then having a population of only 8,365.
Compiled by Pastor Dr. Joseph W. Parsalaw, a lecturer with the Tumaini Lutheran University, Reverend, Dr. Naaman Miraa Laizer, Pastor Godwin Ole Lekashu of Ilboru and Reverend Zacharia Ole Matinda, the book was launched during the 100th Anniversary for the ELCT Diocese last Sunday.
The book has been published in Swahili language and the first copy of the launch was sold at Tsh.350,000 athough the retail price of the publication is set at Tsh.1,000 per book.
Prime Minister, Frederick Sumaye was the guest of honour at the ELCT centennial celebration held at Ilboru which was also attended by a number of other distinguished guests.
The first Church in the region was built at Ilboru in1904 whose building still stands to-date and during the last Sunday’s event it was consecrated to serve as the first Christian Evangelical museum in the country.
The Lutheran Church in Arusha region became a Synod in 1973 and later made Diocese
in January 1987 at a ceremony whose guest of honour was the retired Tanzania President, Ally Hassan Mwinyi, the event took place at the Enkare-Narok Parish in Ngarenaro area.
Today, the Diocese has 329,350 brethren, among them 143,784 adults and 185,564 children. There are also 82 pastors, 482 evangelists, 15 parish workers and 565 church buildings.
The ELCT Town Cathedral, was the second church to be built in Arusha after the Ilboru one, and they were both constructed under the same plan.
Internet Web Pages
Extract Author: Professor Adam Jones, Leipzig University
Extract Date: 2006
2006 award - major research project
£27,500 for 12 months
Following the creation of the German protectorate in 1885, German missionary societies established themselves in different parts of Tanzania. The Leipzig Mission founded its first station on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro in 1893. By 1939 half of the (predominantly peasant) Chagga population had been converted; today most people are Christians. Although German rule ended in 1919, German missionaries returned in 1926, including a leading figure in German anthropology and mission history - Bruno Gutmann (1876-1966). In 1963 the mission church became the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania in Northern Tanganyika [later: Tanzania], consisting of 5 dioceses: Northern, Pare, Arusha, Meru and Central.
The archive of this church in the small town of Moshi in the centre of the Northern Diocese houses records which extend back to 1895. Some are in English, others in German or Swahili. Most researchers studying the history or anthropology of northeastern Tanzania visit this archive, although the conditions for research are far from ideal. There are plans for the archive to be extended. The material in Moshi suffers from poor shelving, changing temperature and humidity, a complete lack of boxes, in a few cases termites and silverfish, and above all dust. Some papers are in the process of becoming very brittle because of the influence of light. Those held at other former mission stations are in a similar state. Nevertheless, most of the material is still suitable for copying.
The material, produced by missionaries and subsequently by African converts, falls into seven categories, of which the first is the most important in terms of quantity:
* church registers (births, baptisms, communion, catechists, marriages, funerals)
* mission council records
* education records
* files on individual missionaries, notably Bruno Gutmann, and on African teachers, pastors and evangelists
* first prints of hymnals and portions of the Bible in African languages.
Six parishes in the Northern Diocese (Kidia, Machame, Mamba, Masama, Mwika, Sika) have already agreed to transfer all their archival material to Moshi. There is additional material of historical interest, even more endangered, lying around elsewhere in the same region. These places, which have no archives of their own, belong to different dioceses (e.g. Ilboru in Arusha Diocese, Nkoaranga in Meru Diocese, Shigatini in Pare Diocese), but the need for cooperation and centralisation is recognised by the respective bishops. In the long term it may be possible to persuade some descendants of the first "native pastors" to donate whatever papers and / or photographs they have.
Creating digital copies
Any material not yet inventoried must be sorted and listed before it can be digitally copied. A finding aid will be produced for such material, serving among other things as a link between the digital copies and the originals.
The research team
To transfer the Leipzig Mission records to the Tanzania National Archives is not considered desirable in Moshi, where the records continue to have a meaning for the Church and descendants of the early Christians. Hence it seems more appropriate to work towards better conservation in Moshi itself, while depositing a copy of all digitalised records in
1) the Moshi archive,
2) the National Archives (Dar es Salaam) [master copy],
3) the British Library,
4) the University of Leipzig and possibly
5) Yale University.
This project was successful in digitising 20,744 pages of correspondence, mission station diaries, church registers (baptisms, marriages, funerals), parish council minutes, files on education and cash books, as well as some photographs. Most of the material is in German with a small amount in English or kiSwahili. Most of the records are not later than 1930 but where files started before 1930 and continued into the 1940s and 1950s, then the whole file has been digitised.
Nearly all of the material covered in this project is now housed in the archive of the ELCT Northern Diocese, PO Box 195, Moshi. This includes records transferred from the neighbouring parishes of Kidia, Machame, Mamba, Masama, Mwika and Siha, as well as a large amount of material that was already in Moshi.
Digital copies, on 98 DVDs, have been deposited in:
i) the Moshi archive;
ii) the National Archives, Dar es Salaam (master copy, not accessible to researchers)
iii) the Institut für Afrikanistik, University of Leipzig
iv) the British Library
Extract Author: Paul Bolstad
Page Number: 2007 05 08
Extract Date: 2007
My young brother, Dan, found your website somehow and sent me the link. I have found it fascinating.
My story is a bit different from most that I have seen so far:
My father was an American missionary, sent to restart a printing press for the mission in the aftermath of WWII.(1946). We lived at Vuga in the Usambara Mts. We lived in Tanganyika for two five year 'terms', leaving for the last time in 1957. My father had a heart condition that prevented him from returning to the work he loved and the people of the Usambaras.
I finished university in 1966 and returned that year as a Peace Corps Volunteer, serving in an agricultural project in Morogoro Region(Kilombero) for two years.
Later, I moved to Kenya, to the sugar producing areas around Lake Victoria for another year. After further education, I returned to TZ in 1974 with my wife, Shirley, to teach at a secondary school just outside Arusha, called Enaboishu. I was an employee(missionary) of the Lutheran Church of America, but serving under the authority of the ELCT(the local Lutheran Church).
We had two children born in Nairobi during that time. Our oldest was a student at Arusha School from 1979 to 1982, the year we returned to USA. We have not been back since. However, we are planning a return safari for this November, especially to visit the area where my parents served from 1946 to 1957, with my two daughters and my two sisters and a brother…all with their spouses. We will be a group of ten or more. It will be a 'trip of a lifetime'…
I have made the acquaintance of a Tom Linton, an artist who is a representative of Dieter Czurn's safari company. He was a student at Arusha School and later, at secondary school in Nairobi. His father built the pryretheum factory in Arusha. He will know many of the names in your website! I'll make sure he is aware of your website… perhaps he already knows about it.
I have extensive knowledge of the American missionary family from the Arusha area and can answer questions or put people in contact with old friends from that community. Our neightbor from Ilboru, Dave Simonson, still lives in Arusha although he is in declining health these days. Many of his family are in the safari business and are, in fact, arranging our safari.
I knew Deiter Czurn's father well; my father depended on him for repairs to vehicles used in the pubslishing house. I hope to meet up with him some day.
I didn't see your background and history anywhere on the website…perhaps I didn't look in the right place. During our 8.5 years in the Arusha area we met many of the old time 'wazungus', although many of them have passed on.
One, 'Edward, the Polish butcher' is still there and very much alive and operating his business out of his house. I am interested in the history of Polish refugees and will try to visit the cemetary at Tengeru.
I have a brother-in-law who is Jewish and he is interested in any Jewish immigration and history. I would welcome any information anyone out there would know, especially if there were any Jewish immigrants from Poland among those refugees!
I'm sorry this is so long, but I am one of those who has been bitten by the Africa bug, more specifically the Tanzania variety. In total I have lived 22.5 years of my life there(I still speak Swahili fluently) and find that it will always pull me back…
Cheers, Paul Bolstad