Name ID 393
Hanby, Jeannette & Bygott, David Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Page Number: 11
Extract Date: 0
sometime in last 2000 years the Mbulu people arrive (now called the Iraqw)
Gibb's Farm Gibb's Farm Brochure
Page Number: 2
The area round Karatu was cultivated as early as 2,000 years ago by the Mbulu or Iraqw, a Kushitic group of people who migrated south from Ethiopia and the Yemen, and who still dominate the area today. The Maasai came fairly recently, in the early 1800�s, but were driven into other areas, more suitable for cattle herding, by repeated wars with their agricultural neighbours, and by sleeping sickness in their herds.
Douglas-Hamilton, Iain and Oria Among the Elephants
Extract Date: 1900
based on copies of old German maps, Mto-wa-Mbu was tribal no-man's land between the warring Maasai and Wambulu at the turn of the century, and nowhere were there any settlements to be found.
Turner, Myles My Serengeti Years
Page Number: 026
Extract Date: 1923
In 1923 Clark returned, walking with his safari from the railhead at Moshi past Arusha and climbing the rift escarpment near Mtu-wa-Mbu. Pushing on through the country of the Wambulu - the people of the mists - the safari ascended the south-eastern slope of Ngorongoro and after threading their way through the dense cloud forest, paused for lunch in a glade.