Name ID 393
Hanby, Jeannette & Bygott, David Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Page Number: 11
Extract Date: 0
sometime in last 2000 years the Mbulu people arrive (now called the Iraqw)
Gibb's Farm Gibb's Farm Brochure
Page Number: 2
The area round Karatu was cultivated as early as 2,000 years ago by the Mbulu or Iraqw, a Kushitic group of people who migrated south from Ethiopia and the Yemen, and who still dominate the area today. The Maasai came fairly recently, in the early 1800ís, but were driven into other areas, more suitable for cattle herding, by repeated wars with their agricultural neighbours, and by sleeping sickness in their herds.
Douglas-Hamilton, Iain and Oria Among the Elephants
Extract Date: 1900
based on copies of old German maps, Mto-wa-Mbu was tribal no-man's land between the warring Maasai and Wambulu at the turn of the century, and nowhere were there any settlements to be found.
Turner, Myles My Serengeti Years
Page Number: 026
Extract Date: 1923
In 1923 Clark returned, walking with his safari from the railhead at Moshi past Arusha and climbing the rift escarpment near Mtu-wa-Mbu. Pushing on through the country of the Wambulu - the people of the mists - the safari ascended the south-eastern slope of Ngorongoro and after threading their way through the dense cloud forest, paused for lunch in a glade.