Name ID 2536
Fosbrooke, Henry Arusha Integrated Regional Development Plan
Page Number: 5
Paper 1 Land Tenure and Land Use
In Arusha/Arumeru the dominant groups are the Arusha and the Meru. The MERU, a Bantu speaking people came first, about three hundred years ago, arriving from the Usambara area together with the first Macheme Chagga, whose Bantu language is very closely allied to Meru. They settled in the forest on the south eastern slopes of Mount Meru (still their homeland) which was at that time only inhabited by the Koningo, a hunter/gatherer people of small stature. The Meru are skilled agriculturists who have utilized their favourable environment over the centuries without depleting its fertility.
The Arusha were the next arrivals. In their original home, Arusha Chine, they were of Pare origin. About 1830 they were encouraged by the Maasai to settle in the Selian area, west of the present Arusha town. They absorbed earlier Maasai speaking people, became Maasai speakers themselves and received a big influx of the Maasai in the 1880's when many lost their cattle in the rinderpest epidemic. The Arusha, like the Meru, have as agriculturists made the most of a favourable environment, but their mode of life is more heavily orientated towards cattle, most understandable considering the Maasai elements in their origins.
Extract Author: Alexandra
Page Number: 2008 11 14
Extract Date: 1920's
I am working to document some history on Burka and Selian Coffee Estates. This includes the history of Bloom's Arusha Hotel, as this family went on to purchase part of what now is Burka Estates, The New Arusha Hotel, who had extensive contact with the Bloom family. I am also looking for any information on a Captain J.A. Hewer, who bought Burka originally, The origins of the Arusha Coffee Lodge and anything in between. Any letters, pictures, or just little facts would be of great interest to me.
Thank you for your help,
Selian Agricultural Research Institute (SARI)
The Tanzania - Canada wheat programme commenced in 1970 based at ARI Lyamungu, which is quite distant from the main wheat - producing areas of the Northern Highlands of Tanzania. In 1979, the Ministry of Agriculture was officially given possession of some land on the Burka Coffee Estates at Selian near Arusha. SARI was therefore formally established in 1980 by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) as part of the Tanzania-Canada wheat project in order to provide research support for the Hanang wheat complex farms. On 1st March 1982 the project came under the administration of TARO until 1989 when TARO ceased to exist, and SARI was again retaken by the Ministry of Agriculture (Division of Research & Development).
During the 1980-88 period, the station consisted of only the Research farm, a temporary compound and workshop facilities, while office and laboratory space were located in Arusha town. The current office and laboratory complex was occupied early in 1989.
The regional headquarters of the SADCC/CIAT Bean programme for Southern Africa is also located at SARI. The National Phaseolus Bean Programme, previously located at the Lyamungu Research Institute in Moshi, has been moved to SARI as the National Co-ordinating Centre.
Since 1989, SARI has been designated as the Zonal Headquarters for Agriculture and Livestock Research and Training for the Northern Zone of Tanzania, and its mandate now includes Research on all major grain crops grown in the zone based on a Farming Systems Research perspective. Affiliate institutes include Lyamungu ARI, West Kilimanjaro Livestock Research Centre, LITI Tengeru and HORTI Tengeru. The Zonal Director who is located at SARI is also the Director of SARI.
Poatal address: P.O. Box 6024, Arusha
Telephone: (255-027) 3883 (Director's Line)
Telegraphic address: --
Telex: 42106 CANWHEAT
Latitude 03�22' S
Longitude: 36�37' E
Nearest Railway Station: Arusha (about 10 km)
Nearest Bus Station: Arusha (about 10 km)
Commercial flights: Kilimanjaro Int'l Airport (KIA), (about 60 km)
Charter flights: Arusha (2 km)
The compound is located on the Arusha/Dodoma main road approximately 10km from Arusha town centre.