Cyril Hamshere

Name ID 218

See also

1940's Publishes: Hamshere, Cyril Articles on a European Primary School and other subjects in Tanganyika, 1940's

Extract ID: 1201

See also

Hamshere, Cyril Articles on a European Primary School and other subjects in Tanganyika, 1940's
Page Number: 1
Extract Date: 1946

New Headmaster

I [Cyril Hamshere] arrived as headmaster in 1946

Extract ID: 3183

See also

Nettelbeck, David A history of Arusha School, Tanzania
Page Number: 31b


The church management of a Government school in 1934 was unusual, but understandable in the light of the depression economy and the existing policy with regard to voluntary agencies. It is less easy to understand the continuing influence of the church in the Arusha School management after 1946.

Arusha School was owned, financed and administered in exactly the same way as the Junior European School, Dar es Salaam, Mbeya School, opened in 1942, and Kongwa School, opened in 1951. The teaching staff were, in all four schools, Government Officers recruited through the Crown Agents in London; final responsibility rested with the Department of Education and, after 1949, the European Education Authority. The establishment of an Arusha School Council in 1946 may be seen as a forerunner of the Government's policy in the late 1950s to have local Boards of Governors for all Government schools so that the schools could more effectively relate to their community.

Be that as it may, it does not explain the appointment of the Bishop as Warden of the school and Chairman of the Board, the virtual right of the Bishop to veto the appointment of staff, the appointment of a Chaplain/Master at the Government's expense, and the Council itself which was theoretically appointed by the Director of Education, but in fact was made up predominantly of the Bishop's nominees. Even in 1970, more than half the Board of Governors were regularly worshipping local Anglicans. Bishop Stanway, Chairman of the Council and later of the Board of Governors from 1951 to 1971 claims that the rights of the church were exercised with great discretion; the fact remains that the rights did exist.

The first Government appointee as Headmaster was Cyril Hamshere (M.A. Cantab) who was born in East Africa and whose father Archdeacon J.E. Hamshere had been Principal of the Diocesan Training College for pastors and teachers up to his retirement in 1928, when Wynn Jones took over from him. The missionaries who withdrew in 1946 from the staff hoped that through Hamshere, a personal if no longer official link between the Diocese and Government would be retained.

The Headmaster was answerable to the Department of Education, and the School Council had no official role or direct authority. Their main function seems to have been to care for property, recommend maintenance, and extensions or addition, ensure that there was sufficient staff appointed and so on. With Dar es, Salaam 500 miles away and communications difficult, it is not unreasonable to expect that officials would be guided by a responsible local body and would take more notice of such a group than of direct representations from parents or requests from the Headmaster.

In 1952, when the Chaplain Casson resigned, the Council recorded its profound conviction that the appointment of a suitable chaplain-master to the staff of Arusha school �is of paramount importance in these difficult days in East Africa. In view of the importance of the post, no appointment should be made without consultation with the Warden of the School and the Director of Education�.

In 1956, the Headmaster sought advice on the enrolment of a part Arab, part European boy and the Director of Education replied that �it would be inappropriate for him to be admitted. to an essentially Christian school�. On the speech day in 1955, the Vice Chairman of the Council, A.T. Bewes, reminded the children of the well-founded Christian traditions of the school, which he hoped they would observe throughout their lives".

In assessing this unusual church/state relationship, we must recognise that even the total effort in European education was still a very minor part of the Department of Education's responsibility, that neither the Government nor the parents objected to the relationship continuing, that the power of veto over the appointment of staff was never actually used, and that the "religious life" of the school was not unlike that in a State school in Britain. It would appear also that the very presence of a School Council, a visible and tangible body, gave the school a stability and sense of continuity which was apparently lacking at Mbeya and Kongwa.

I would like to point out that the opening date for Kongwa School in this article is incorrect, the correct date is 4th October 1948

Glynn Ford

27 Jan 2005

Extract ID: 4936

See also

Nettelbeck, David A history of Arusha School, Tanzania
Page Number: 31a


Extract ID: 4935

See also

Arusha School Headmasters
Extract Date: 1946-63


Arusha School Headmaster

Extract ID: 4581

See also

Nettelbeck, David A history of Arusha School, Tanzania
Page Number: 33


In Chapter III above, Wynn Jones was delineated as a warm, friendly person who related well with a wide cross section of people and ran the school as a close knit family.

Hamshere by contrast had a much bigger enrolment, was answerable to the Director of Education, not directly to the Bishop for his management, had a rapid turnover of Government indent staff rather than a continuity of missionary personnel, and a bigger enrolment of the children of British officials.

Those who worked with him describe Hamshere as an efficient, rather impersonal man who was dominating and demanding with his staff. His nick name was "Old Pomposity" and one of his common greetings was, �I am Mr. Hamshere. I am the Headmaster�. An amusing sidelight on his personality was the bell system he had connected to his study door. When a visitor knocked, a one bell-ring reply meant come in, two rings wait, and three rings go away!

It must also be said that his detailed organisation was for the benefit of the pupils and he always had their interest at heart. He knew what was going on in the classrooms, always taught some lessons himself, and did not remain aloof from the day to day activities of the children,

Some staff could not work with him and made no secret of the fact that they resigned because of the Headmaster. For example Miss Wilkin in 1949 wrote, �I am reluctant to come back for another tour under Mr. Hamshere, with whom I have had differences of opinion�. But overall he was a good and powerful head who could gather loyal staff around him and work with them.

An interesting slant on the personality of Hamshere and the difficulties of adequately providing for the growing enrolments comes from the opening of a branch school 100 miles away at Oldeani in 1950. A teacher, Ryan, and his wife offered to run it because they found the prospect of having responsibility and being 100 miles remote from supervision attractive. When the Ryans were due to go on leave in 1952, a new master, Edmonson, and his wife arrived to relieve them. However Ryan considered them unsuitable to take over the �personal empire� he had built up, so he refused to hand over, locked the buildings and left for Arusha. Hamshere was not able to resolve the crisis: the Ryans went on leave, the Edmonsons resigned, and the branch school never reopened.

Hamshere was very defensive and did not accept criticism easily. In 1952, 6 members of the School Council had met privately with the Director of Education to complain about the Headmaster. When Hamshere came to hear about this he circulated to the Council a statement in defence of himself. He listed and countered the apparent objections which were:

a. that he objected to criticism;

b. that the school was not open to visitors;

c. that the standard of work was low;

d. that there was a lack of teamwork between the Headmaster and his staff.

The issue was referred to in the Council minutes 19/12/52, but had apparently been amiably resolved.

The concern of the School Council had been sparked off by a rather sharp inspectors report in 1951 which stated among other things that the students were backward in arithmetic, that the Headmaster and staff were not working well together, and that the Headmaster should spend more time checking fortnightly teaching reports and supervising the actual teaching in the classrooms.

There was no official parents' association in connection with the school, though a Tanganyika Parents Association did have representation on the European Education Authority and there was a local branch of it in Arusha. Hamshere had little time for parents who complained, particularly the parents of day pupils whom he tolerated reluctantly in the school.

The School Council recorded in 1951 the Headmaster's preference for an exclusively boarding school, and in 1960, when 27 parents of day pupils from Usa River, Tengeru and Oljoro, all about 10 miles away, petitioned that games be held earlier in the afternoons, they met strenuous opposition from Hamshere. He replied, �When a proposal for a separate day school was made several years ago, local parents turned it down; was this not a pity?� On the same issue of complaints from the parents of day pupils, the School Council reported in 1955 that the Headmaster was very defensive and stubborn.

Extract ID: 4938

See also

Nettelbeck, David A history of Arusha School, Tanzania
Page Number: 38


While Hamshere found day pupils an annoying appendage to the school, it must be said to his credit that he provided for the boarders a rich and stimulating environment. It is worth listing here briefly the significant extra-curricular activities which feature in the school records.

In the very first years of the school, Wynn Jones organised students to level the playing fields and as soil was removed to top-dress them, a 15 metre swimming pool was dug. Swimming; became an important sport and recreational activity, and both a swimming gala and swimming sports day involving former pupils were held annually.

An important annual event in which Hamshere himself always took the lead was the climb of Mt. Meru (14,979') near Arusha. Some 12 to 20 trained and physically fit children made the climb and an attractive certificate was presented to those who �conquered�.

A school sports day was held each year, usually in the presence of some distinguished quest such as the Governor and Lady Twining in 1955.There was also an inter school sports day against the Greek and Dutch schools, but no competitive sports with African schools.

Carols by Candlelight, begun by the music mistress in 1947,,became a significant even for Arusha town.

A Christmas play preceded the annual Speech Day at which the Warden or his deputy presented the prizes.

A proliferation of cups and shields, was accumulated from old students members of the School Council. These included

the Wynn Jones memorial scripture prizes,

the Rasharasha prizes for �dependability, helpfulness and behaviour�,

the Ann Revington Cup for the best all round girl and

the Du Toit cup for the best all round boy;

there was a Selian cup for physical culture,

an Ann Hazel Cup for swimming.

House Shields for swimming and athletics carved by a blind African wood carver and house trophies for rounders, hockey diving, football, rugby, netball and cricket.

There were inter school visits and sports matches with Nairobi School and Mombasa Primary School.

An annual school magazine was published from 1955 to 1965, and

there were troops of Guides, Brownies and Scouts.

From fund raising within the school, horses were purchased in 1954 and 2 tennis courts built in 1958.

To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the founding of the school in 1959, a bronze plaque noting the association of the school with the Diocese was unveiled in Christ Church Arusha, a special thanksgiving service was held, and �2,000 was collected for a Silver Jubilee Library. Bishop Chambers, whose foresight in 1927 had set plans in motion for the school, came at the age of 83 to open the library.

In 1943 the school was the venue for a conference of translators of the Bible into Swahili;

in 1947 delegates to the Pan African pre-history congress were accommodated in the school;

in 1950 Lady Baden Powell the Chief Guide, and later that year Lord Rowallen, the Chief Scout, visited the school;

in 1956 Princess Margaret spent 15 minutes with. the pupils in the school hall while the Hellenic and Dutch schools were allowed to line the drive! A cupboard full of Union Jacks, kept firmly locked in these post Independence days, remains as memento of the occasion.

In 1961 a conference on the preservation of wild life was held at the school and included such distinguished guests as Sir Julian Huxley, Peter Scott, Professor Monet, Armand and Michaela Dennis and Dr. Grzimek.

In 1969 the Presidents of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania met in the school to establish the East African Community.

In spite of the rapid turnover of teachers, matrons and some pupils, a strong school spirit and tradition was established. This was contributed to materially by the continuity of the School Council and of senior staff members as exemplified by

the Headmaster 1946 - 1964,

Miss I. Brown, Senior Mistress 1949 - 61,

Mrs. Fischer, Senior Matron 1950 - 59,

Mr. R. Johnson 1952 - 59,

Mr. H. Jones, Second Master 1953 - 61,

Rev. B. Jones Chaplain and from 1963 Headmaster, 1954 - 69, and

Mr. J. Hazel 1956 - 63.

Such continuity, even if for only a small proportion of the staff, was most unusual for the Colonial Service. The Department of Education, the statistics for which are not reflected in the above staff sample, could say in 1957, �there is a high rate of turnover of staff and delays in recruitment and by the end of the year, there was not one mistress who had been them 3 years previously�

Extract ID: 4942

See also

Nettelbeck, David A history of Arusha School, Tanzania
Page Number: 36


In 1951 there had been criticism in the press about the standard of teaching at the school. The Headmaster answered this by explaining to the School Council that children from non English speaking homes had an undoubted effect upon the standard of education in the school, especially when the children themselves were unable to speak English when admitted. He followed this up 3 months later by repeating, �much has been done to allay ideas that the standard of education at this school is lower than it should be�, though this comment does not seem to have satisfied the members of the School Council, who complained to the Director later that year (see above.)

Hamshere was always very conscious of his school's success in external examinations and the results feature prominently in his Speech Day reports and written records; he certainly reacted strongly when told that the Mbeya School results were better than his. The school log shows the following table for passes in the Kenya Preliminary Examination for entrance into Kenya Secondary Schools.

Extract ID: 4939

See also

nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Miriam Watters (Pope)
Page Number: 2004 05 29
Extract Date: 1953-61

Miriam Pope - Arusha School 1959-1961

G'day David!

Congratulations on your website - it is a fascinating and a great browse!

My names is Miriam Watters nee Pope. I now live in Brisbane, Australia but I lived East Africa from 1953 until 1961. - spending 3 years in Arusha from 1959 to 1961 (aged 8 to 11). Your website was a trip down memory lane especially with the photo of staff and students in front of Arusha School. I wonder if my face is amongst the students - I was there about the time it was taken!

Mr. Hamshere was a wonderful headmaster and I remember my favourite teacher was Janet Jewell and of course who could forget "BL Jones!

In my autograph book I also have the names of other teachers - H. Tofte, Margaret Crow and V. Gormley. Rev. Bryn Jones was a good friend to my parents Jean and Frank Pope.

Dad was Mechanical Supervisor for PWD. We have happy memories of "Hatari" being made and the excitement of John Wayne and his fellow stars coming to town. I actually met John Wayne, Valentine DeVargis, Red Buttons and Howard Hawks in the Safari Hotel where they were enjoying a beer!

Dad went on safari with our neighbour Hugh Lamprey to catch the rhino for the film and Mum was an extra, chosen through her involvement with the Little Theatre. She acted in many fine plays along with Paddy Purchase .

I read with interest, Michele Calorio's letter on your website. I would love to contact her as I have a photo taken at a children's birthday party held by Mrs Calorio and from memory it was for her daughter Luisa Calorio.

I would be happy for you to include my name on your website and pass my email on to Michele.

Our neighbours in Springvale Road were Dr. and Mrs Carloni and children Nicoletta and Roger. I keep in contact with David "Titch" North-Lewis (now in UK), Melody, Rosemary (both UK) and Nigel Purchase (Kenya) and Joy Thomson (New Zealand).

Joy's father was Rev. Thomson from the Anglican Church. Other names I remember from my class are: Susan Totman, Yvonne Zikarkis, Jane Atlee, Peter Owen-Pawson and Peter French. My younger sister Vanessa was best friends with Elizabeth Cashin. My brother Alan was in the junior school. I also went to Sunday school at the Anglican Church - which has been beautifully kept and looks as good as when we attended church there.

I returned to Arusha in 2002 with my special friend Janet McGavin (who now lives in the UK) who also attended Arusha School. We first met as toddlers in Tabora and we have been close friends since then. One of the current teachers at Arusha School, Shaibu Pelle, showed us around the school. It was a very emotional visit - especially seeing the old tortoise again!

Before moving to Arusha my family lived in Dar-es-salaam where I went to St. Joseph's School for 6 months (in 1956) then we moved to Lindi until 1958. We left Tanzania just after Uhuru, in November 1961, and migrated to Australia in 1962.

By sheer chance I met Colin Swynnerton here in Brisbane - we realised we must have been in the same class as he was also a student at Arusha School and remembered the same class mates names.

I'll get in touch again if my memory comes up with any other names!

Kind regards,

Miriam Watters (Pope)

Extract ID: 4854

See also

nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Geoff Jones
Page Number: 2004 11 12
Extract Date: 1954

Geoff Jones - Arusha School 1954?

I had a chat with Mark Morgan the other day and he mentioned that he had come across your site.

My name is Geoff Jones and I went out to Arusha in 1954 with my family. My father,Bryn had been appointed Chaplain Master to the school the rest of the family included my mother Pat, my sister Eira and young brother Huw.

The Headmaster at the time was Cyril Hamshere, other members of staff included H A Jones, � Lanky� Johnson and of course Bill �Corky� Morgan. We had a wonderful life out there running pretty wild with the Morgan boys. My Dad became Head after Cyril Hamshere and stayed there until the end of 1969 when he returned to the U.K. to take up a Parish in South Wales.

I have had a great time looking through all the information on the site and will continue to do so. I was particularly interested to read about George Six who was a friend of Dad�s. His son Eric is now a Neuro surgeon in Texas and we met up earlier this year at an Iringan re union. I will continue to be in touch.

Thanks for your email, and the "news".

You must have arrived in Arusha a year after me. What age were you then? I was at Arusha School 1953 (aged 7) to 1957. My father was the Rector at Christ Church, just across the river Themi from the school.

I think your father was followed by David Nettelbeck as the headmaster. He went on to write a thesis about the school, and I�m hoping to get a copy in the next week or two to add to the web site.

Do please have look through your old photo albums and see if you can find a few which will be interesting to visitors to the web site.

Extract ID: 4894

See also

Arusha School Magazine
Page Number: 02-03
Extract Date: 1955

Preface and School Sports Day


As far as our records show, there has never been an Arusha School Magazine published before. The publication of the first number is therefore an important event in the School's history and I hope it will start a tradition.

The main essential of a School Magazine is that it should be the product of the School's pupils. Primary and Preparatory Schools rarely issue magazines, so I am very pleased that the effort has been made at Arusha. I hope that future issues will contain news of old pupils, if they will kindly let us know what they are doing.

In particular I should like to record our thanks to Miss J. M. Elliott who has done most of the hard work of organisation.

C. E. Hamshere Headmaster

School Sports

Our School Sports were held on Saturday, October 23rd on the senior playing field.

The Sports started at two o'clock and it was very pleasant to see the School Houses, North and South, coming out of the buildings looking very smart. The Hellenic and Dutch Schools also came to compete.

The first events were the high and long jumps and the flat races. The long jump for the seniors was the first one to be read out and it sent a cold shiver down my back as I was a competitor.

After tea there were the relays, and we were very lucky, as His Excellency the Governor and Lady Twining came to see the various later events, such as the Tug of War, and the Mothers and Fathers race and the relays. We all found these last few events very enjoyable. The Tug of War was won by South House of Arusha School.

The best part of the whole afternoon was the presentation of the shield and cups. The shield was won by North and South with 78 points each. The athletics cup was won by South House, and the relay cup by the Hellenic School.

We all enjoyed the afternoon very much, especially as we were highly honoured by His Excellency's presence.



Extract ID: 5660

See also

Arusha School Magazine
Page Number: 01
Extract Date: 1956

Preface ~ Speech Day


I have great pleasure in introducing the second number of the Arusha School Magazine. Once again we owe a great debt to Miss J. M. Elliott, who has acted as Editor.

The first number of the Magazine was very well received. Perhaps this number is not so fully representative of the upper forms of the School, so I hope children in Standards IV and III this year will make every effort to send in contributions for the third publication at the end of 1956.

C. E. Hamshere,

Speech Day was held on December 15. As usual it started at 4 p.m. with the House P.T. Competition, which South House won. This was followed by demonstrations of Cub activities and box horse work by a mixed group of senior children. Visitors were given the now famous School Tea at 4.30 p.m. and then everyone adjourned to the Assembly Hall for speeches and Prize Giving.

In the absence of Bishop Stanway, our Warden, Mr. A. T. Bewes, O.B.E. took the chair. By drawing comparisons with his own school days�shared for a time with Mr. J. V. Shaw, the Deputy Provincial Commissioner who was on the platform�Mr. Bewes considered that children attending Arusha School were very lucky. He referred to the Chain of Office of the Chairman of the Arusha Town Council and explained that he was wearing it because Miss Elliott of the School had been responsible for the design of its seal. He congratulated the School on attaining its 21st Birthday and reminded the children of the well-founded Christian traditions of Arusha School, which he hoped they would observe throughout their lives

In his report the Headmaster referred to the School's Twenty-first Birthday. He reminded the assembly of the farm school opened at Ngare Nairobi in 1928, and the transfer of 33 children and 4 members of the Staff to the new buildings at Arusha in May, 1934. As a contrast there were now 274 pupils and 28 members of Staff.

During the year the Headmaster said there had been a bad epidemic of chickenpox in the 2nd Term, when there had been no less than 80 cases. Good steady work had been done in the classroom. The K.P.E. results had been respectable if not spectacular with all 5 boys passing and 8 out of the 11 girls.

The Headmaster then referred to out-of-school activities. In the 1st Term there had been a successful school play called " The Charcoal Burner's Son," and a visit to Ngorongoro Crater. In the 3rd Term a party of 25 boys had been taken to Nairobi to see the Rugby match between the British Lions and an East African XV. 11 out of 12 boys and girls had successfully " conquered Meru," in the most successful expedition ever. A School Fete had brought in �128 towards the Tennis Court Fund. The Tennis Courts were half finished, and in the stables there were 3 horses on which children were learning to ride.

The Headmaster drew attention to the value of out-of-school activities and interests. He said, " Children who at school have learnt to play the piano or violin, to sing, to act, to dance, to draw and paint, to ride a horse, to swim or play a game, will never wonder what to do with themselves out of working hours when they grow up. What is more, they will have developed a valuable sense of responsibility in looking after their instruments, materials and tools, in keeping appointments and in co-operating with other people. They will be possessors of healthy bodies and healthy minds. In short they will have become the worthy citizens that every country relies upon for its prosperity."

The Headmaster acknowledged his thanks to all members of the Staff. In spite of 4 marriages within the year and one pending they had rendered first-class service. He took the opportunity of congratulating Mr. Bewes on the award of the O.B.E.

The Headmaster's Report was followed by the singing of two Carols by the Junior Choir. Mr. Hocking then spoke briefly on behalf of the Parents Association. Two Carols were rendered by the Senior Choir, after which Mrs. M. J. B. Molohan, wife of the Provincial Commissioner, presented the Prizes.

Extract ID: 5673

See also

Arusha School Magazine
Page Number: 02-03
Extract Date: 1956

Speech Day ~ Prizes

The awards were :

Form Prizes :

S.F. II : Tonia Hamshere, Lise Larsen, Ann Brooker

S.F. I : John Coutouvidis, Helen Dimitracopoulos, Tony Marchant

Standard IV : David Marsh, Kathryn Littlejohn, Melville Ueckermann

Standard IVA : Hadley Cooper, Bobby van Rooyen, Jacqueline Hudson

Standard III : Sally Read, Erik Jorgensen, Georgina Lambert

Standard MA : Louis van Rooyen, Terence Anthon, Tessa Zaboronek

Standard II : Elizabeth Oglesby, Richard Jaques, Jeanne de la Fontaine

Standard IIA : Mary Sharpe, Daphne Berrington, Francois La Grange

Standard I : Yvonne Fourie, Timothy Hannah, Sally Freyburg

Standard IA : Jill Townsend, Innes Meek, Luciana Cartoni

Kindergarten : Ian Littlejohn, Fiona Masson, Michael Forde

Art and Handwork Prizes :

Art Prizes :

S.F. I and II : David Phibbs, Tonia Hamshere

Standards IV and IVA : Edda von Wedel

Standards III and IIIA : Svend Bayer

Standards II and HA : Paul Wheatcroft

Standard I: Frank Tennent

Standard IA : Vernon Haley

Kindergarten : Stelio Stylianou

Needlework :

S.F. I and II : Hedda Gaetje Standards

IV and IVA : Edda von Wedel

Handwork :

S.F. I and II : David Phibbs, Stephan Wechsler

Standards IV and IVA : Richard Swider, Patrick Mahon

Standards III and IIIA : George Afentakis, Elizabeth Oglesby, Mary Sharpe

Music : Carolyn Pearson, Lise Larsen

Mrs. Brewster's Prizes : Heidi Wolter, Timothy Hannah

Wynn Jones Memorial Scripture Prizes :

S.F. II : Pat Benbow,

S.F. I : John Coutouvidis

Standard IV : Edda von Wedel

Standard IVA : Barend van Wyk

Standard III : David Flatt

Standard IIIA : Phyllis Ulyate

Standard II : Alistair Littlejohn

Standard IIA : Francois Le Grange

Standard I : Janet Payne

Writing Prizes presented by the Parents Association :

S.F. I and II : Ann Brooker

Standards IV and IVA : Marion Cleton

Standards III and IIIA : Susan Phibbs

Nature Study�Mr. Johnston :

S.F. I : Theresa Rarogiewicz

Standards IV and IVA : Melville Ueckermann

Games Prizes :

Senior : Lise Larsen, Stephan Wechsler

Middle : Samuel Kilian, Irena Rybicki

Junior : Yvonne Fourie, Geoffrey Jones

Elocution Prizes :

S.F. II : Gilda Troup

S.F. I : Stephan Wechsler

Standard IV : Felicity Read ;

Standard IVA : Barry Childs

Standard III : Susan Phibbs ;

Standard IIIA : William Palmarini

Standard II : Janka Kolosowski ;

Standard I : Geoffrey Jones

Standard IA : Peter van Rooyen

Headmaster's Prizes : Carolyn Pearson, Tony Coxall

Anne Revington Cup : Lise Larsen.

Selian Cup : Lise Larsen

Du Toit Cup : Tony Coxall

Rasharasha Shield : Jean More and David Phibbs

Lovell Shield for Guides : Kingfisher Patrol

Extract ID: 5674

See also

nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Lise Larsen
Page Number: 2007 03 01
Extract Date: 1956

Lise Larsen - Arusha School- 1948 - 1956

My sisters and I (Ane, Lise and Inge) Larsen were all born in Arusha and all went to school at the Arusha School under the headmastership of Cyril Hamshere.

One of my best friends was Antonia Hamshere now a doctor in S.Africa and I got to know the family fairly well.

Cyril was actually born,in what was then Bristish Guiana, and not in East Africa as I read on this site. He was a wonderful headmaster for us kids with paper chases, 'rambling' climbing Mt Meru, trips to Ngorongoro and so forth. No doubt he ran a tight ship but I don't think any of us suffered through that. I have always thought his teaching of local history was marvellous. At the Kenya High we were only fed European History. Very few of us there had ever been to Europe !!

Just to let you know that I have very fond memories of my days at Arusha School, though those that remember the 'seven crossings' in the advocado trees would agree that 'Work Place Health and Safety' would no doubt be horrified !!

Thanks for the feedback. Can you confirm the dates when you were at Arusha School?

I know it must include 1956 because I see from the School Magazine of Feb 1956 that you were 12 then and you won:

A Standard Form (SF) II Prize (I received a SF IV prize at the same time)

A Music Prize (with Caroline Pearson)

Plus the Anne Revington Cup and the Selian Cup.

Can you remember these, and what the Cups were for?

You were also in the Chorus of Soldiers in a production of "The Charcoal Burner's Son"

And you wrote a piece about the School House Swimming Sports, and the Netball Team.

There's also a piece by Tonia Hamshere about the Sports Day, in fact an Inter Schools Sports day, in which you broke the high jump record (4ft 3 3/4 inches).

Hi David, I certainly can't remember much of all that !! But you inspired me to look for a Magazine and there was V0l 1 N0. 1 1955.

I did leave in '56 and as far as I can remember started in '48 or '49, the kindergarten was in the main building as the Junior section was not built. I recollect making massive "pompoms" in those early days.

What those Cups were for I've no idea - I was the sporty type not much for the study stuff so must be for sport or something.

I have Tonia's email address and her sister Diana lives in South Ascot. Cyril was very good to me in that he got me my first job after high school as assistant matron at Arusha and then some teaching * yr olds before I went teacher training in England.

He wasn't over impressed with my first English posting to a secondary modern school in Walsall so suggested I applied for a P.E. position at St Mary's Convent in South Ascot where he had been giving some talks etc. I spent 4 very happy years there before moving to Australia.

I have a spare copy of the 1955 magazine if you would like it I can mail it to you. The prizes we apparently got !! What were they for ??

Thanks for your reply have a happy summer.

Cheers Lise

Extract ID: 5227

See also

nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Lise Larsen
Page Number: 2007 07 02

Cyril Hamshere

Hi David, I have recently been in contact with Tonia Hamshere and she tells me that her father Cyril Hamshere was actually born in Kabete outside Nairobi and it was her that was born in Georgetown Guyana so I would appreciate it if this could be changed I am very sorry for the mistake. I guess you are getting heaps of info with lots of people enjoying a trip down memory lane.

Keep up with the good work. Cheers Lise

Extract ID: 5417

See also

Official Photographer Photo of Princess Margaret's visit
Page Number: 1
Extract Date: 1956 Oct 19

Extract ID: 4240

See also

Arusha School Magazine
Page Number: 02-03
Extract Date: 13 December 1956

Speech Day

The Speech Day proceedings opened on a hot afternoon with the usual P.T. Competion and Displays. After the visitors had been entertained at the now famous Arusha School Tea, everybody squeezed into the Assembly Hall �and it is a squeeze these days � for the Speeches and Prize Giving.

In the absence in Australia of the Warden, Bishop Stanway, Mr. A. T. Bewes, O.B.E., took the chair. After a brief introductory speech, Mr. Bewes called on the Headmaster to make his Report.

In his speech the Headmaster mentioned that the number of children had crossed the 300 mark for the first time in the School's history and that there were 122 day children which was a record. The health record had been good as the year had passed without an epidemic.

"In the classroom I think the greatest advance has been in the opening of Kindergarten II half-way through the 1st Term. It fills a need we have felt for over two years and should help forward enormously those day children who join us at the age of five. By the end of Kindergarten II a bright child will be very nearly as advanced as those formerly leaving Standard I, with the result that the syllabus can be extended and the standard of work raised. And here I should like to digress and say how encouraging :t has been to receive progress reports of former pupils now at school in the United Kingdom, who have been found to be quite up to, and in some cases ahead of, children of their own age educated at home. This, of course, refers to bright children only and bears out what I have always said: that provided a child starts school at five out here and suffers no serious interruptions, our schools in Tanganyika give him as good a primary education as he can find at home."

"We have taken our last Kenya Preliminary Examination. It would have been gratifying to have been able to tell you that the results were the best we have had, but this was not to be and I expected it. Because it was the last chance for Tanganyika children to qualify for admission to Kenya Secondary Schools, we entered all who had the faintest chance of being accepted, with the result that four out of five girls have been offered places and two out of four boys. Margaret Masson did very well, being placed 7th out of 379 girls who sat, with 453 marks out of a possible 600."

"Out of the classroom we have been as busy as usual, with Concerts, the Elocution Contest, Games and Swimming. It was unfortunate that the Inter-School Sports had to be cancelled this year, but we at last succeeded in arranging a visit from the Nairobi Primary School. Twenty-five of their children spent the Easter week-end with us and engaged in a series of Hockey Matches and a Swimming Contest with us. The visitors were successful in everything, but we were unashamed and learnt a lot from our friends.

"One tennis court has been put into commission this term, and the second is nearly finished. Now we should like come help in coaching tennis from residents of Arusha! Riding is flourishing and there are at present six horses in our stables. I am most grateful to Mrs. Sykes for the help she has given with riding lessons this term. If anybody else would like to help, their assistance too would be greatly appreciated.

"We have a rather diminished Guide Company, two Brownie Packs and a Pack of Wolf Cubs. Once again our thanks are due to Mrs. McClement and Miss Ann Lovell for their great help with the Guides.

"This year our Meru Expedition scored a 100% success with all 13 children reaching the summit, the first time this has been achieved. We were lucky with the weather, enjoying perfect climbing conditions. We were greatly helped as usual by Mr. Mahon and the Olkokola Syndicate, and in particular Mr. Sekunda who lent his house to our base party. We thank him and Mr. Mahon most warmly.

"But the greatest event of the year was the visit in October of H.R.H. Princess Margaret. Of all the people in Arusha, I think our children received the greatest thrill, for not only did we share in all the public functions � we were privileged to have Her Royal Highness to ourselves for a precious quarter of an hour, and in being the only European School in East Africa to be accorded this honour we are very proud indeed. I know the children will long remember the sight of the gracious, utterly lovely and superbly regal figure that passed through this Hall. I am sure that the hands of the lucky few who were presented still tingle and 1 know that all our hearts are warm as the result of the Royal Visit."

The Headmaster referred to the addition of the new Staff Room and Art Room. He paid a warm tribute to the Staff, although as far as weddings were concerned he regretted to announce that they had not done as well as in 1955. He also congratulated the children on their excellent behaviour and thanked the parents of all children for their great co-operation.

Mrs. J. V. Shaw, wife of the Acting Provincial Commissioner, then presented the Prizes.

Extract ID: 5688

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Arusha School Magazine
Extract Author: Cyril Hampshere
Page Number: 01
Extract Date: 1957

Preface ~ Speech Day

In introducing the third number of the Arusha School Magazine I have some sad news to announce : Miss Elliott is leaving us. She has been responsible for starting the Magazine and editing the first three numbers. Recently she has not been well and this, together with other considerations, has decided her to return to teaching in the United Kingdom.

We shall miss her very much and I know that we would all like to thank her warmly for all she has done at Arusha and wish her good luck at home.

There is now a breach into which somebody. I know, will step.

In this number the highlight is the visit of H.R.H. Princess Margaret to Arusha and the School last October. There are many other events recorded about which I am sure you will enjoy reading.

Extract ID: 5687

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nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Andy Hannah
Page Number: 2004 02 29
Extract Date: 1957 - 60

Andy Hannah - Arusha School - 1957 - 60

Thankyou very much for opening this site.

You are very welcome to publish all of the below.

I remember Martin, Mary, and Peter Davis quite well. I was in the year above Peter and below Mary. I remember dancing with Mary!!!

Name: Andy Hannah

Years at Arusha: 1957 - 60

Older brothers Lister, Tim, Dave, were also there before me.

Masters: Morgan, Hampshire, BL Jones, HA Jones, Lanky Johnston. Pop Hazel.

Matrons: Mrs Fisher (David Read's terrfying mother) (head matron), Mrs Birchman, Miss Balfour, Miss De Beer (also terrifying), Miss Bear, Miss Pollack, Miss Randall, Miss Morrell, Mrs Evans.

Teachers: Miss Ingles (gentle and fair), Miss Monroe (loud voice), Miss Elizabeth Gray (lots of fun), Miss Jenkins (Gypsy), Miss Lundy (spunk).

Friends: Peter Bird, Christopher Ronaldson, Roger Haggerty, Itzak Abramovici, Stewart Hammond, Ian Steer, Daniel Marjocki, David Spoors, Michael Carter, George Legnani, Adrian Van Schoor, William Power, Brenda Ulliat, Henrietta Shannahan, Pauline Shannahan, Yvonne Karafiat, Susan Hunt, Nida Mogelnikskii, and others (sorry if I've left anyone out).

(Sorry if I've spelt anyone's name wrong)


Looking back, I think that Hampshire ran a pretty tight ship. I suspect that he also knew who the nice teachers were and who the not so nice, and arranged things so that we all had our fair share of both.

However, my principal memories are negative:

It was like a jail, and we were regimented a lot of the time.

There was always an anxiety that I'd do something wrong and get the tacky (or HA Jones' "persuader"). I didn't get punished that often, but half the time it was for an innocent absent-minded mistake.

My time in standard 3 was particularly unhappy because I was landed with a sociopathic dorm-leader.

Some of the female teachers went out of their way to make us feel small.

I think the most positive aspect was the friendships formed.

I would be delighted to get in contact with any of the above.

I live in Melbourne, Australia. I am married and have 4 kids (2 eldest have left home).

Great to hear from you, and thanks for your memories which I shall add to the web site when I next do an update.

You mention Mrs Fisher (David Read's terrfying mother)! I must tell that to David Read. I met him last October, and hope to see him again when I go back to Arusha at the end of May.

Your surname sent me back to my parent�s archives, and I�ve found one slide of the Ball family, plus Timothy Hannah standing in the garden. I�m not sure if you have worked it out from the web site, that my father was the rector of Christ Church Arusha from 1953-57, and I seem to remember that we had various boys to tea on Sunday afternoons. I�ve been looking, but so far haven�t had enough to time find anything more, but I seem to remember that your father�s names was Wells or Welsley.

I really need to go back to my fathers diaries to check my memories, and I could well be confusing you all with another family. But I seem to remember also that your father was in London in the early 60�s and he took me to a rally in Methodist Central Hall, Westminster at which Dr Hastings Banda was speaking.

My slide scanner is on loan at the moment, but when I can I�ll see if I can send you a copy of Timothy�s picture and any other pictures I might find in the meantime.

I�ve also got a couple of copies of the Arusha School Magazine, and see that in 1955 Timothy Hannah won a Standard I Form Prize!

Thank-you for your reply.

By the time I arrived at Arusha School, your family had left the vicarage, but I get the impression that both Tim and Dave spent a fair time at your house. In fact, I think it was your Mum who introduced meringues to our family - via Tim who insisted on our Mum trying to make them.

Yes, Dad's name was Wellesley, and he was working at the time as a medical missionary in Mvumi, near Dodoma.

Extract ID: 4975

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nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: S. Lisette Micek (Moulinie)
Page Number: 2008 02 24
Extract Date: 1957 - 61

Arusha School Alumnus (1957 - 61)

What a wonderful surprise reading all the memories of school life in Arusha�

The tortoise was my silent witness to all those anxious thoughts and fears of the tacky and the innocent errors in judgement mentioned by Andy Hannah.

I think of an Italian girl (possibly Andrea?) whose cries we heard as we cringed in our beds while she got the tacky for daring to use the toilet after 'lights out.' Where was the logic? So, we wet the bed and that was OK?

Even lovable Miss Jewell, gave the tacky to 3 girls who filled their skirts with the beautiful jacaranda blossoms and lay in wait behind a tree to surprise her with a tribute of showering petals. I missed the punishment only because I was late to the surprise event.

I was in love with Huw Jones ;) and would beg off those Sunday afternoon walks to play cricket with him�Would love to know how he is�His Father was so sweet. I was in Huw's class and I believe his Dad taught French and would ask me to pronounce the words for the class (we spoke French at home).

There was Margaret in the front of the class who had the most infectious giggle� Bryn Jones would say, 'Now, who's tickling Maggie�' leading to another 5 minutes of hysterical giggles.

Who was the strict head matron who always did those frightful tapestries�.her houseboy was not to be trusted around little girls and on one errand to her flat I discovered the speed with which I could descend the stairs.

Who was the music teacher with the blue rinse and glass eye who taught knitting?

The beautiful pianist with the perfect french roll hairdo.

The kitchen lady�very stern, who picked up all the bread crusts from under the table one night and had them displayed to us by Mr. Hampshire. What a lecture that was.

I too remember the 3 elephants from the John Wayne film who were brought to the field. A few were chosen to ride then they turned on the sprinklers so that the elephants could play. We also stood along the side of the road to watch the filming in action.

Some names of students I remember: Huw Jones, Birgit Lund of Moshi where I too spent Half Term, Giles Dingwall, Lesley Truesdale and Katherine Tregarthen whose Mum was gorgeous and brought us lollies at the Sanitorium.

Love your website...a healing experience.

Extract ID: 5570

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nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Sandro Legnani
Page Number: 2004 03 06
Extract Date: 1958-1962

Sandro Legnani - Arusha School 1958-1962

Dear Madams and Sirs,

my name is Sandro Legnani, and I'd like to enter your feedback as an old Arusha primary school student. I was born in Dar-Es-Salaam in 1951 and with my travelled around the country in several sisal estates, where my father was a chief engineer.

I attended Arusha school from april 1958 till december 1962. I remeber Mr. Hamshere as my headmaster (even his cane) and Mr. Jones was one of my teachers together with Miss Jenkins. I climbed Mount Meru in 1962 with other 9 or 10 students.

My memories are coming back, I'm excited in finding a piece of my history. Let me dig in my memories and recollect them. I left the country, for Italy, in 1968 after my father got seriously ill and never since then returned. Even the English language is not so good now I'm always speaking Italian.

I'll write again and with the help of my brother George (in Arusha from 1956 to 1960 then went to Iringa) we will find some photos of the school and of Arusha and scan them for you.

Bye for now


Extract ID: 4860

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nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Dr James Eva
Page Number: 2007 12 31
Extract Date: 1958-63

James Eva - Arusha School - 1958-63

I lived at Geita gold mine near Mwanza from 1951 to 1966.

My sister Sheryl attended Arusha scool from 1957, and I joined her in 1958. We were there until 1963, after which she went to highschool in England, and I went to St Mary's in Nairobi.

During our time Mr Hampshire was headmaster, 'BL' Jones was vice principal (and in charge of sport and Meru-climbing), and a Miss Bailey was the fierce matron in charge of dormitories.

The old tortoise was already old (we said 100 years) back then, and I am amazed he is still around!

I was good friends with 'Schmedjie' Schmedgebakker, whose parents were Finnish and lived at Moshi, Mark Orr, whose dad was the gameranger in charge for Ngorogoro game park, Allan Sanger, an English boy, Rudiger Vogs, who, like me, came from Geita, and Robert Masimba, one of the first African children to attend the school.

I am delighted to find this very sentimental site. I will be taking my wife to visit Arusha in 2008.I am a very busy consultant Psychiatrist in Cornwall, UK, and have not until now spent the time to do that. Thank you for the reminder !

Extract ID: 5552

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Nettelbeck, David A history of Arusha School, Tanzania
Page Number: 37b

When the long awaited secondary school for European children, St Michael's and St George's, opened at Iringa in 1958, there was jubilation that all pupils who finished Standard 7 could go there. However in 1959 a selection examination was introduced and, only 15 of the 36 applicants from Arusha were admitted.

At the Silver Jubilee Speech day in 1959, Hamshere said, �Our pupils go on to other school where they distinguish themselves occasionally for scholarship, quite often for games, and always for being worthy and reliable citizens. From schools in Britain, South Africa and East Africa we receive good reports of our boys and girls, which are worth more to me than any other gift of gold or precious stones�.

In 1961, 14 children entered for the Tanganyika General Entrance Examination for secondary schools, which by this time was for all races. Only 3 of the 14 passed and Hamshere commented, �This was not surprising as most of the children were slow and backward�.

One of the immediate effects on the, curriculum of the Government take over in 1946 had been that Latin was introduced as an alternative to Swahili in Grades 5 and 6. The teaching of Swahili had been important to Wynn Jones as he tried to identify the school with the community, but Swahili was completely removed from the timetable when the Chaplain/French Master Bryn Jones arrived in 1954. French was then taught to all from Grade 3 and Latin from Grade 5.

For all his strength and gifts, Hamshere was not an educational innovator. Many exciting things went on outside the classroom, but apart from local studies in the social studies curriculum of the lower grades, the impression is of rather formal, academic classroom instruction, with outdated and dull text books, though this may have been typical of his time.

Extract ID: 4941

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Nettelbeck, David A history of Arusha School, Tanzania
Page Number: 43b


We have already implied that educational separatism became an intolerable concept in a country rapidly moving; towards African majority rule. (see Chapter I �The Integrated System�.) How did a staff so conscious of its exclusive prerogative in European education view the impending integration in the late 1950s?

There are no comments on the subject in the school log staff meeting minutes or school Council minutes, However the Mbeya staff forwarded a memo to the Director of Education 3 years after the system had been proposed and 1 year before it had to be compulsorily introduced. As the Arusha staff were sent a copy of the memo, we may assume that they were sympathetic, but their attitude is not officially recorded.

�A large number of the staff of this school were specifically engaged as Masters or Mistresses of European education and it is difficult to see how the teaching of non-European children can be regarded as "suitable duties" for persons so engaged.

It would obviously set a dangerous precedent for any teacher to undertake any duties which are manifestly outside the scope of his/her contract, especially when such duties am imposed without any prior consultation.

Until the position is clarified, may we regard it as within our rights to refuse to teach non European children?�

Such an outspoken attitude expressed just before independence was hardly likely to win the sympathy of an Education Department caught up in a rapid Africanization and expansion policy. One wonders if the closing of the Mbeya school within three years and the conversion of the buildings to an African secondary school bore any relationship to the attitude expressed above.

In his reply, the Director of Education quoted from the legislation for the integrated system and reminded them that for three years from January 1st 1962, priority for admission would be given to the community for whom the school was established. He continued:

�It is true that most of the staff were engaged as masters and mistresses of European education and the posts for which they applied were advertised as teaching duties in Government European Schools. On the other hand the definition of a non-European school in the non-Native Education Ordinance is a 'School established primarily for the education of European children'; it is not by definition a school established exclusively for European children. The teaching of non-European pupils attending a European school would not therefore appear to fall outside the scope of suitable duties for your staff�.

The only written indication of the �Arusha School stance�, if there was one, came in the Speech Day remarks. In 1960 the Vice-Chairman of the School Council, A.T. Bewes expressed a common colonial attitude - independence is a good thing, in time, when they are ready for it, etc. - when he said, �... the rate of integration is a matter of proper timing and phasing and must be related to the conditions as they prevail from year to year. A too sudden or overwhelming implementation could have the most serious effect upon the standards and upon the ability of schools to absorb those children for whom they were originally established�. In other words, not too many Africans yet, or the school won't be fit for our British children! The Headmaster at the same Speech Day expressed his doubts that he would have room for more than a few non-Europeans but, given that limitation, was prepared to "welcome the children of educated Africans who live on a European standard, and who speak English at home". In other words black Europeans.

The following year, Hamshere praised the moderation of the Government in allowing a 3 year grace period when European children would. have priority of admission: "It could only happen in this happy country," he said ecstatically, but by 1965 quite a different picture is painted: "we are black, we are brown, we are white. We are Christian, we are Moslem, we are Hindu. Between us, apart from English, which is the medium of instruction, we can speak 20 different languages. But despite these differences, we live happily together. We are really a united nations without belonging to this bloc or that block".

Extract ID: 4945

See also

Nettelbeck, David A history of Arusha School, Tanzania
Page Number: 45a


Hamshere who hesitantly and reluctantly brought to birth the new multi-racial era left in 1963 with many of his staff recruited by the colonial government and the Chaplain-Master Bryn Jones, took over as Headmaster.

By all accounts, he was an easy-going, good-natured tolerant person who didn't exert himself much, but got on well with parents and teachers. His speech day comment above is typical of the man.

It would be easy to be critical of a rather slack administration and falling academic standards in the latter half of the 1960s. However Jones had to cope with a rapid turnover of temporary and part time staff, with only a nucleus recruited through the Ministry of Overseas Development and the British salary supplement scheme; He also had a pioneering job in uniting races who up to then had been, socially, mutually exclusive; he had two sons of President Nyerere and other children of Government Ministers until the Arusha Declaration in 1967 steered Tanzanians back onto the course of socialism and Swahili medium education; and all of this at a time when the very presence of an expatriate was a touchy and uncertain thing in Tanzania.

The fact that the school remained open at all as an English - medium primary school with the same staff/pupil ratio, standard of boarding; catering, etc. as before, and the fact that the school was welded into a happy, tolerant and united community must bear tribute to Bryn Jones style of management and personality. English - medium schools such as Lushoto, Moshi, Mbeya and others were closed or converted to Swahili - medium during this period.

Extract ID: 4946

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nTZ Feedback
Extract Author: Deryck Matthews
Page Number: 2004 05 13
Extract Date: 1963

Deryck Matthews Arusha School 1963

The Arusha School Alumni website I have just stumbled across, has jerked back some wonderful memories. I was headboy in 1963 and Mr Hampshire was headmaster and Mr "BL" Jones was my tutor. Although some details have faded over the years some names and faces are still with me. In particular Karsten Lund and John Bovenisor whose families kindly took me in during the half-term breaks, as my family lived in Tabora, a dusty two day trek by train and bus.

And in that photo, back row top left, is myself and my younger brother Chris !!!!!

Thanks for the memories.

Kindest Regards

Extract ID: 4717